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Patent Abstract
Regeneration method and device
Patent number: 4830713
Assignee: Orbisphere Laboratories (Inc.) (Vesenaz, CH)
Inventors: Dan Gagescu (Petit-Lancy, CH)

A method of regenerating a membrane-enclosed amperometric or Clark cell having an operative current range for electroanalytical operation limited by a maximum current density of typically not more than 100 .mu.A/cm.sup.2 at the working electrode by subjecting at least one of the probe electrode in contact with a regeneration electrolyte, while the membrane is removed, to a regeneration current for causing a current density in the range of from about 1 to about 1000 mA/cm.sup.2 which is substantially higher, e.g. by a factor of at least 10 and preferably at least 100, than the maximum current density in electroanalytical operation. The device for use in this method comprises an enclosure having a lower end and an upper end; the lower end is sealingly closed by the sensing end of the probe; the device comprises a regenerator electrode external to the probe arranged within the enclosure to provide a space for holding a regeneration electrolyte in contact with the regenerator electrode and the probe electrodes; a lead connects the regenerator electrode with a current source having a second outlet connected with at least one of the probe electrodes.

Passivators used in catalytic cracking of hydrocarbons
Patent number: 4830731
Assignee: Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (Sakai, JP)
Inventors: Fujita Kohtaroh (Sakai, JP), Wachi Toshio (Sakai, JP), Nakano Hitomi (Sakai, JP)

A passivator of detrimental metals such as nickel, vanadium or iron that are contained in hydrocarbons and deteriorate catalysts in catalytic cracking of hydrocarbons, which has the general formula of wherein R.sup.1 represents as alkyl of 4-14 carbons. A further passivator which has the general formula of wherein R.sup.2 represents an alkyl of 4-14 carbons, and n is an integer of 1 or 2.

Integrated process for the removal of sulfur compounds from fluid streams
Patent number: 4830734
Assignee: Uop (Des Plains, IL)
Inventors: Moez M. Nagji (Yonkers, NY), Ervine S. Holmes (Yorktown Heights, NY), Jenny L. Pai (Brookfield Center, NY)

The present invention relates to a new and integrated process involving the utilization of a primary adsorption bed containing a regenerable, physical absorbent and an auxiliary sorption bed containing a chemisorbent and an optional physical absorbent for the removal of sulfur compounds and water from a fluid stream, which process provides for higher yields, higher purity and lower costs.

Use of reducing agents to control scale deposition from high temperature brine
Patent number: 4830766
Assignee: Union Oil Company Of California (Los Angeles, CA)
Inventors: Darrell L. Gallup (Chino Hills, CA), John W. Jost (Santa Ana, CA)

The deposition of metal-containing scale, such as iron silicate scale, from a hot aqueous geothermal brine, or the like, is controlled by blending into the brine sufficient reducing agent effective for reducing trivalent iron and manganese cations in a high temperature brine solution to divalent ions to cause an overall decrease in scale deposition, especially of iron silicate scale. Preferably, from 2 to 7 times the stoichiometric amount of reducing agent is used to effect a 70 to 90 percent reduction in the formation of iron silicate scale.

Corrosion-resistant copper alloy
Patent number: 4830825
Assignee: Mitsubishi Kinzoku Kabushiki Kaisha (Tokyo, JP), Kusakabe Copastar Company (Tokyo, JP), Sachio Goto (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Sachio Goto (Tokyo, JP), Hideo Kobayashi (Tokyo, JP), Akira Yasumori (Kawagoe, JP), Tsutomu Kimura (Kumagaya, JP), Hiroshi Hayashi (Kitamoto, JP)

Disclosed is a corrosion-resistant copper alloy having a composition consisting essentially, by weight, of 5 to 9% of Al, 0.5 to 4% of Ni, 0.5 to 4% of Fe, 0.1 to 3% of Mn, 0.001 to 1% of Ti, at least one selected from 0.001 to 1% of Co and 0.001 to 0.1% of B, and the balance Cu and unavoidable impurities, and a substantially single-phase structure consisting essentially of .alpha.-phase. This alloy has excellent weather resistance whereby its beautiful color tone close to gold is able to last for a long time, and further has superior corrosion resistance, particularly, high resistance to corrosion by seawater, together with high strength and excellent cold formability.

Conversion of aluminum-mercury amalgam and incidental mercury in contact with aluminum alloy surfaces to harmless compounds
Patent number: 4830829
Assignee: Mobil Oil Corporation (New York, NY)
Inventors: Howard L. Craig, Jr. (Mullica Hill, NJ)

A method for treating mercury-contaminated aluminum surfaces to render aluminum-mercury amalgam and liquid mercury harmless to aluminum is provided. The method involves converting the mercury to a compound which is inert to aluminum, such as mercuric sulfide, at temperatures below the freezing point of water. This is accomplished by contacting the aluminum surface with a condensable solvent such as carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide, or tetrahydrofuran having gaseous hydrogen sulfide dissolved therein, and then dissolving a reactive gas such as sulfur dioxide within the solvent. The reaction of the two dissolved gases within the solvent generates the sulfur which reacts with the mercury to form mercuric sulfide.

Reactor for the catalytic reforming of hydrocarbons
Patent number: 4830834
Assignee: Epri Electric Power Research Institute (Palo Alto, CA)
Inventors: Henrik O. Stahl (Kokkedal, DK), Jens R. Rostrup-Nielsen (Virum, DK)

Improved heat utilization is achieved in a process for the catalytic steam reforming of hydrocarbons to form a product stream rich in hydrogen by (a) first passing the process gas through a first portion of catalyst comprising 25-75% of the total steam reforming catalyst (whereby the heat needed for the endothermic reactions during reforming and for heating the process gas is supplied partly from a moderately hot flue gas generated by combustion of a fluid fuel and partly from the product stream) and then (b) passing the partly reformed process gas through the remaining portion of the reforming catalyst. In this second step, the heat needed for the further endothermic reactions and for heating the process gas is supplied by a hot flue gas, the hot flue gas thereby being cooled to form the moderately hot flue gas mentioned unde (a). A reactor for use in this process is also described.

Precursor for production of preoxidized fibers or carbon fibers
Patent number: 4830845
Assignee: Toho Belson Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Hiroyasu Ogawa (Shizuoka, JP), Tetsuro Shigei (Shizuoka, JP)

An acrylic fiber having applied thereto a polyoxyalkylene aminopolysiloxane compound having a viscosity of from 5 to 500 poises at C. and which is represented by formula (I) as an oiling agent: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, and R.sub.6 each represents a lower alkyl group or an aryl group, R.sub.7 represents a hydrogen atom, a lower alkyl group or an aryl group, R.sub.8 represents H or --CH.sub.3, or ##STR2## (wherein R.sub.10, R.sub.11 and R.sub.12 each represents a hydrogen atom, a lower alkyl group or an aryl group), R.sub.9 represents an alkylene group having not more than 5 carbon atoms, an arylene group, or a single bond, A represents a group ##STR3## (wherein R.sub.13 and R.sub.14 each represents H, --CH.sub.3, --C.sub.2 H.sub.5), B represents a group ##STR4## (wherein R.sub.15 : H or --CH.sub.3, and m and n each represents 0 or an integer of from 1 to 10, provided that m+n.gtoreq.1), X and Z each represents an integer from 1 or more, and W and Y each represents 0 or an integer of 1 or more.

Separation process for anhydrous HCl and HBr by thermal cleavage
Patent number: 4830846
Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company (Midland, MI)
Inventors: Herbert C. Jackson, Jr. (Midland, MI), Robert A. DeVries (Midland, MI), Hughie R. Frick (Midland, MI)

A method for the separation of anhydrous HCl and HBr from mixtures of the two acids comprising treating the mixture with a hindered pyridine to form a mixture of hindered pyridine salts of the acids, and heating the mixture of salts to a temperature at which thermal cleavage of at least the hydrochloride salt is induced. The hindered pyridines are defined as aromatic compounds having one or more nitrogen atoms in an aromatic ring, or a polymer with pendant aromatic moieties having one or more nitrogens in an aromatic ring, having an appropriate degree of steric hindrance such that the salt formed by the nitrogen atom of the aromatic compound and a strong protic base will undergo dissociation to the aromatic compound and the protic acid at a temperature below the decomposition temperature of the aromatic compound. The formation of salts and their cleavage can be done as either a one-step or two-step process. The separation process is based on the fact that the HCl salts are less stable to heat than the HBr salts, and thus will cleave at a faster rate at any given temperature. It is possible to carry out the thermal cleavage at a temperature sufficient to induce cleavage of only the HCl salts, of both simultaneously, or at two separate sequential temperatures, to cleave only the HCl salts first and then the remaining HBr salts.

Extravascular circulation of oxygenated synthetic nutrients to treat tissue hypoxic and ischemic disorders
Patent number: 4830849
Assignee: Thomas Jefferson University (Philadelphia, PA)
Inventors: Jewell L. Osterholm (Radnor, PA)

A novel system and method for treating ischemic neurologic tissue is disclosed wherein an oxygenated nutrient emulsion is circulated through at least a portion of the cerebospinal pathway. The nutrient emulsion contains an oxygenatable non-aqueous component, an aqueous nutrient component, an emulsification component, and other components which render physiologic acceptability of the nutrient emulsion. Methods for producing the nutrient emulsion and a system for delivering that emulsion to the crebrospinal pathway are also disclosed. Additionally, novel diagnostic methods for diagnosing the physiologic state of hypoxic-ischemic and other diseased neurologic tissue during treatment are provided.

Citrus-flavored tobacco articles
Patent number: 4832059
Assignee: Lorillard, Inc. (Greensboro, NC)
Inventors: Victor G. Garrard (Durham, NC), Albert B. Hudson (Greensboro, NC)

Tobacco articles, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco and chewing tobacco, and the like, containing citral acetal which have a fresh, clean, true and long-lived citrus aroma and flavor.

Method for forming a deposited film from a gaseous silane compound heated on a substrate and introducing an active species therewith
Patent number: 4830890
Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Masahiro Kanai (Tokyo, JP)

A process for forming a deposited film which comprises introducing a linear, branched or cyclic gaseous silane compound represented by a general formula: wherein X stands for a halogen atom, x is an integer 3, 4, 5 or 6, and y+z=2x or 2x+2; into a film forming space for forming a deposited film on a substrate, activating said silane compound on the surface of the heated substrate to generate a precursor functioning as a raw material for forming the deposited film, generating an active species capable of an interaction with said precursor in a separate activating space, and introducing said active species into the film forming space to form a deposited film on said substrate.

Scratch resistant recording materials for electroerosion printing comprising cross-linked polymer base layer
Patent number: 4830909
Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation (Armonk, NY)
Inventors: Mitchell S. Cohen (Ossining, NY), Krishna G. Sachdev (Wappingers Falls, NY), John C. S. Shen (Rochester, MN), Keith S. Pennington (Somers, NY)

Electroerosion recording materials of superior scratch resistance are provided by incorporating a hard, crosslinked polymer film or layer between the support and the removable, thin conductive layer to reduce plastic deformation of the support under stylus writing pressure. The intermediate polymer layer may be unfilled or filled with solid particles, such as silica particles. The materials may be used in various printing processes including making directly readable images, direct negatives, and offset masters.

Method of manufacturing molded products and laminated structure including the molded products manufactured according to the method
Patent number: 4830916
Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Hiroya Fukuda (Yokohama, JP), Hitoshi Yaguchi (Yokohama, JP), Kazuhumi Yokoyama (Yokosuka, JP), Keiichiro Tabata (Yokohama, JP), Takashi Ohashi (Yokohama, JP)

A method of manufacturing molded products (or foamed and molded asphalt/urethane foam products) most suitable for sound-proof, vibration control and sealing members which are applied to the floor panel, dashboard and the like in a car, for example, and more particularly, a method of manufacturing foamed and molded asphalt/urethane products comprising introducing polyalkylene polyol having at least two or more hydroxyls in a molecule and polyisocyanate having two or more isocyanate radicals into a mold together with a catalyst and a foaming agent, and reacting them in it, wherein said polyalkylene polyol includes asphalt previously emulsified and dispersed therein; and a laminated structure including a layer of foamed asphalt/urethane foam made according to the method.

Packing material for liquid chromatography
Patent number: 4830921
Assignee: Tosoh Corporation (Shin-Nanyo, JP)
Inventors: Ryuichi Kitayama (Shin-nanyo, JP), Katsuo Komiya (Hikario, JP), Yoshio Kato (Shin-nanyo, JP)

A packing material for liquid chromatography, which comprises an optically active compound having the formula: ##STR1## wherein Ar is a phenyl group, an .alpha.-naphthyl group or a .beta.-naphthyl group, R.sub.1 is an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, a phenyl group or a 3,5-dinitrophenyl group, R.sub.2 is an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, *indicates an asymmetric carbon atom and n is an integer of 2 or 3, as a stationary phase.

Method of forming color images
Patent number: 4830948
Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. (Kanagawa, JP)
Inventors: Takatoshi Ishikawa (Kanagawa, JP), Genichi Furusawa (Kanagawa, JP), Takeshi Hirose (Kanagawa, JP)

A method of forming color photographic images where a silver halide color photographic material containing a coupler which forms a dye by reaction with the oxidation product of an aromatic primary amine developing agent and containing an acid-processed gelatin in an amount of 25% by weight or more of the amount of the total gelatin coated is color developed, desilvered and then rinsed in water and/or stabilized. The total of the processing time of said desilvering, rinsing-in-water and stabilization steps is controlled to be 3 minutes or less, and/or the amount of replenisher added to the rinsing-in-water bath and stabilization bath is controlled to be from 0.5 to 50 times of the amount of the processing solution which is brought into the rinsing-in-water bath and stabilization bath from the desilvering bath together with the material which is being processed. By the method, staining of the processed photographic material in a rapid processing can noticeably be reduced and the amount of the final rinsing or stabilizing solution to be used can noticeably be economized without lowering the image storability of the processed material.

Dielectric ceramics
Patent number: 4830995
Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Mining Company Limited (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Kazutoshi Matsumoto (Matsudo, JP), Takehiro Hyuga (Ichikawa, JP)

A dielectric ceramic which has a composition represented by the following general formula (I) and having a substantially perovskite crystal structure: wherein x, y, z, u, w and p satisfy one selected from the following conditions: x=0, w=0, z=0, 0.001.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.0.088, 0.66.ltoreq.u<0.72, and p represents a number with which the charges of the cations of Ba, Mg, Ni and Ta are neutralized, whereby the entire composition is electrically neutralized; x=0, z=0, 0.001.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.0.40, 0.001.ltoreq.w.ltoreq.0.40, 0.61.ltoreq.u.ltoreq.0.72, 0.002.ltoreq.y+w.ltoreq.0.40 and p represents a number with which the charges of the cations of Ba, Mg, Ni, Co and Ta are neutralized, whereby the entire composition is electrically neutralized; x=0, w=0, 0.04.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.0.90, 0.10.ltoreq.z<0.96, 0.61.ltoreq.u.ltoreq.0.72, and p represents a number with which the charges of the cations of Ba, Mg, Ni, Nb and Ta are neutralized, whereby the entire composition is electrically neutralized; and w=0, 0

Crystalline penicillin derivative tosylate hydrates
Patent number: 4831025
Assignee: Leo Pharmaceutical Products Ltd. (Ballerup, DK)
Inventors: Wagn O. Godtfredsen (V rlose, DK), Welf von Daehne (Rungsted Kyst, DK)

The present invention relates to a crystalline hydrate of a salt of the antimicrobial agent 1,1-dioxopenicillanoyloxymethyl 6-(D-.alpha.-amino-.alpha.-phenylacetamido)penicillanate with p-toluenesulfonic acid, more particularly the mono- and dihydrate. The hydrates are easily obtained in a crystalline state devoid of organic solvent residues, they show good stability on storage, they are effectively absorbed and hydrolyzed in vivo, and they are thus specifically suitable for medical treatment of patients, in particular for oral administration.

Substituted hexahydroarylquinolizines
Patent number: 4831035
Assignee: Merck & Co., Inc. (Rahway, NJ)
Inventors: John J. Baldwin (Gwynedd Valley, PA), Joel R. Huff (Lederach, PA), Susan J. deSolms (Norristown, PA), Joseph P. Vacca (Telford, PA), Jonathan M. Wiggins (Perkasie, PA), Steven D. Young (Lansdale, PA)

Certain substituted hexahydroarylquinolizines and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof are peripherally selective .alpha..sub.2 -adrenoceptor antagonists. The compounds are adapted to be employed for the treatment of certain pathological disorders such as hypertension, diabetes, disorders involving platelet aggregation and the like without side effects attributable to effect on the central nervous system.

4 (3H)-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido-(2,3-d)pyrimidine derivatives
Patent number: 4831037
Assignee: The Trustees Of Princeton University (Princeton, NJ)
Inventors: Edward C. Taylor (Princeton, NJ), George P. Beardsley (Essex, CT), James M. Hamby (Plainsboro, NJ)

N-[4-(N'-[2-amino-4(3H)-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-6-ylme thyl]-N'-acylamino)benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid derivatives are antineoplastic agents. The compounds are prepared through acylation of the corresponding N'-amino compound or hydrolysis of a protected N'-acylamino compound. A typical embodiment is N-[4-(N'-[2-amino-4(3H)-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-6-ylm ethyl]-N'-formylamino)benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid.

Fungicidal pyridyl cyclopropane carboxamidines
Patent number: 4831044
Assignee: Ici Americas Inc. (Wilmington, DE)
Inventors: Don R. Baker (Orinda, CA), Keith H. Brownell (San Jose, CA)

Novel fungicidal pyridyl cyclopropane carboxamidines having the general structural formula ##STR1## and tautomers thereof wherein R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, pyridyl, substituted pyridyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkoxy, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl, acyl, carbamoyl, sulfonyl and cyano; R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkoxy and C.sub.2 -C.sub.3 alkenyloxy; R.sub.2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl; R.sub.3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl or arylalkyl; and fungicidally acceptable organic and inorganic salts thereof.

Pyrrolizidine compounds, and their use as antiarrhythmic agents
Patent number: 4831049
Assignee: Suntory Limited (Osaka, JP)
Inventors: Seiji Miyano (Fukuoka, JP), Kunihiro Sumoto (Oonojo, JP), Fumio Satoh (Nagaokakyo, JP)

A novel pyrrolizidine compound of the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 is an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms or a phenyl group; and R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are such that at least one of them is an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms and the other, if not alkyl, being a hydrogen atom is produced by reacting .DELTA..sup.4(8) -dehydropyrrolizidine with a substituted malonic acid and the thus formed 2-substituted-8-pyrrolizidineacetic acid with a substituted aniline. The products are subjected to optical resolution and are potentantiarrhythmic agents.

2-Alkyl-3-benzoylbenzofurans useful for treating cardiac arrhythmia
Patent number: 4831054
Assignee: Taro Pharmaceuticals, Ltd. (Haifa Bay, IL)
Inventors: Barrie Levitt (Mamaroneck, NY), Morris Stolar (Tel Aviv, IL), Ron Breiman (Tel Aviv, IL)

New 2-alkyl-3-[4-(omega-N,N-dialkylaminoacylamino)-3,5-dialkylbenzoyl]benzofur ans useful for treating cardiac arrhythmia, as well as pharmaceutical compositions containing these benzofurans and the method of treating cardiac arrhythmia therewith are disclosed.

Benzoic acid derivatives
Patent number: 4831055
Assignee: Nippon Shinyaku Co., Ltd. (JP)
Inventors: Yoshiaki Yoshikuni (Uji, JP), Shoichi Chokai (Kameoka, JP), Takayuki Ozaki (Moriyama, JP), Hirotsugu Yoshida (Kyoto, JP), Haruo Tanaka (Hikone, JP), Jun Segawa (Kyoto, JP)

Compounds of formula (I) ##STR1## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.1 is hydrogen, halogen or alkyl and R.sup.2 is hydrogen or alkyl are useful to reduce serum lipids in animals, including humans.

Photocurable composition
Patent number: 4831063
Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba (Kawasaki, JP)
Inventors: Shuichi Suzuki (Yokohama, JP), Moriyasu Wada (Ninomiya, JP), Shuzi Hayase (Kawasaki, JP)

A photocurable composition comprising (1) an epoxy compound having at least one epoxy group and at least one unsaturated double bond in the same molecule; (2) a metal compound present in an amount ranging from 0.001 to 10 wt. %, based on the epoxy compound; and (3) a silicon compound which is capable of forming a silanol group when irradiated with light and which is present in an amount ranging from 0.1 to 20 wt. %, based on the epoxy compound, is characterized by a particularly rapid curing rate.

Leather treatment agent
Patent number: 4831075
Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (Leverkusen, DE)
Inventors: Harro Traubel (Leverkusen, DE), Helmut Woynar (Dormagen, DE), Hans-Werner Muller (Cologne, DE)

Leather treatment agents contain a mixture of (a) 2-98% by weight of an adduct with a molecular weight of 500-50,000 of an alkylene oxide onto an aliphatic or aromatic compound containing one or more hydroxyl groups and (b) 98-2% by weight of a reaction product, containing carboxyl groups or salts thereof, with a molecular weight of 170-20,000 of an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic compound containing at least two carboxyl groups or anhydrides thereof and an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic compound containing at least two hydroxyl and/or primary or secondary amino groups and, if appropiate, ether or tertiary amino groups.

PWM control for power converter system utilizing pulse dropping at minimum pulse widths
Patent number: 4833586
Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Hiromi Inaba (Katsuta, JP), Seiya Shima (Katsuta, JP), Takeki Ando (Ibaraki, JP), Toshiaki Kurosawa (Katsuta, JP), Nobuo Mitsui (Katsuta, JP)

A pulse generator (including a microcomputer) for supplying a pulse pattern to semiconductor devices of a power converter (such as an inverter or a converter) using the pulse width control scheme is provided with function of dropping pulses so that the pulse pattern may form a predetermined function provided that the pulse width is shorter than a limit value (Limit). As a result, the input and output waveforms of the power converter can be made sinusoidal and can be released from the constraint of the minimum pulse width of power conversion semiconductor devices.

Low-Formaldehyde binders
Patent number: 4831106
Assignee: Basf Aktiengesellschaft (Ludwigshafen, DE)
Inventors: Fritz E. Kempter (Mannheim, DE), Franz Matejcek (Lambsheim, DE), Werner Neubach (Ludwigshafen, DE), Gerd Busse (Mutterstadt, DE)

A low-formaldehyde binder consists essentially of (A) from 5 to 80% by weight of a water-soluble condensation product of carbonyl number 0-200 which has been prepared by alkaline condensation from 0.1 to 0.4 mole of an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic condensable ketone and 1 mole of formaldehyde, and (B) from 20 to 95% by weight of 4,5-dihydroxyimidazolidin-2-one and/or an unetherified, partially etherified or completely etherified condensation product thereof with an aliphatic monoaldehyde or dialdehyde.

Bengamide anthelmintics
Patent number: 4831135
Assignee: The Regents Of The University Of California (Berkeley, CA), Syntex (U.S.A.), Inc. (Palo Alto, CA)
Inventors: Philip Crews (Santa Cruz, CA), Thomas R. Matthews (Los Gatos, CA), Emilio Quinoa (Santa Cruz, CA), Madeline Adamczeski (Santa Cruz, CA)

Novel .delta.-caprolactam derivatives of formula I have anti-tumor, antibiotic and anthelmintic activity: ##STR1## wherein: R is H, lower alkyl, or lower acyl; R.sub.1, R.sub.2, and R.sub.3 are each independently H or lower acyl; R.sub.4 is H or acyl of 1 to 22 carbon atoms; R.sub.5 is H or lower acyl; R.sub.6 and R.sub.7 are each H or OH, or R.sub.6 and R.sub.7 together form an epoxide or a double bond; and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

Oxatellurazolium and oxatellurazinium compounds
Patent number: 4831136
Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company (Rochester, NY)
Inventors: Wolfgang H. H. Gunther (Webster, NY), Ronald E. Leone (Rochester, NY), Rosemary Przyklek (Rochester, NY)

Compounds containing an aromatic ring portion fused with a tellurazolium or derivative tellurazole, tellurazoline (including tellurazolinylidene), or tellurazolinium ring portion are disclosed together with processes and intermediates for their preparation. With properly selected pendant groups these tellurazolium and derivative compounds can be usefully employed as dyes, antifoggants or stabilizers, nucleating agents, latent image keeping addenda, or speed or contrast altering addends in silver halide photographic systems.

Preparation process of ethylene oxide
Patent number: 4831162
Assignee: Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Incorporated (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Mutsuo Nakajima (Yokohama, JP), Hisaharu Kuboyama (Yokohama, JP), Tadashi Komiyama (Yokohama, JP), Hiroshi Kimura (Kamakura, JP), Kenji Yoshida (Fujisawa, JP)

Ethylene is oxidized into ethylene oxide by bringing a feed gas mixture, which contains the ethylene, oxygen and at least 1 vol. % of carbon dioxide as well as at least 0.5 vol. ppm of a chlorine-containing burning reaction decelerator and at least 1 vol. ppm as calculated in terms of nitrogen monoxide of a nitrogen oxide and/or a precursor thereof, into contact with a catalyst which carries silver and as a practically sole alkali metal, rubidium at an Rb/Ag atomic ratio of 2/1000-7/1000 on a fire-resistant carrier having a specific surface area of 1 m.sup.2 /g or smaller.

Arylmethylenesulfonamidoacetonitrile derivatives
Patent number: 4831179
Assignee: Chevron Research Company (San Francisco, CA)
Inventors: Patricia B. Pomidor (Fremont, CA)

Arylmethylenesulfonamidoacetonitrile derivatives. The compounds are useful as selective hericides especially with respect to the prevention and elimination of barnyardgrass in grass crops, especially rice.

Biphenyl-based diester compounds and liquid crystal compositions containing same
Patent number: 4831182
Assignee: Ajinomoto Co., Inc. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Ryoichi Higuchi (Tokyo, JP), Takao Sakurai (Kawasaki, JP), Naoko Mikami (Yokohama, JP), Kiriko Akaiwa (Tokyo, JP), Koji Takeuchi (Yokohama, JP)

A liquid crystal compound of the formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 represent C.sub.1-18 alkyl group, alkyl halide group or aralkyl halide, R.sup.1 may be the same as or different from R.sup.2, X is selected from --COOCH.sub.2 -- or --OCO--.

3-amino-2-cyano-acrylic acid ester herbicides
Patent number: 4832733
Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (Leverkusen, DE)
Inventors: Joachim Kluth (Langenfeld, DE), Hans-Joachim Santel (Leverkusen, DE), Robert R. Schmidt (Bergisch Gladbach, DE)

Herbicidally active 3-amino-2-cyano-acrylic acid esters of the formula ##STR1## in which R.sup.1 represents alkoxyalkyl or benzyloxyalkyl R.sup.2 represents alkyl or alkenyl, R.sup.3 represents hydrogen or alkyl, R.sup.4 represents hydrogen, or represents alkyl which is optionally substituted by hydroxyl, halogen, alkoxy or dialkylamino, X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 are identical or different and represent hydrogen, halogen, nitro, alkyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, halogenoalkyl, halogenoalkoxy, amino, alkylamino, alkylcarbonylamino, N-alkylcarbonyl-N-alkylamino, dialkylaminocarbonylamino or in each case optionally substituted aryl or aryloxy, or X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 together with the adjacent phenyl radical represent naphthyl and m represents the number 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5. Intermediates of the formula ##STR2## are also new.

Perester photoinitiators
Patent number: 4831188
Assignee: Bowling Green State University (Bowling Green, OH)
Inventors: Douglas C. Neckers (Perrysburg, OH)

Peresters of the formula: R.sub.1 Ar COOOR wherein R is an alkyl group; Ar is selected from the group including phenyl (unsubstituted or substituted) groups, naphthyl groups, anthryl groups, pyryl groups, phenanthryl groups, or heterocyclic groups; and R.sub.1 is any group absorbing radiation between 250 and 800 nm such that R.sub.1 produces an excited state of sufficient lifetime to cause the decomposition to free radicals of the appended perester or peroxidic function.

Electron beam controlled bulk semiconductor switch with cathodoluminescent electron activation
Patent number: 4831248
Assignee: Center For Innovative Technology (Herndon, VA)
Inventors: Karl H. Schoenbach (Norfolk, VA), Vishnukumar K. Lakdawala (Virginia Beach, VA), Rudolf K. F. Germer (Berlin, DE), Klemens B. Schmitt (Rothenbach, DE)

An electron beam controlled semiconductor switch is capable of carrying large currents without being restricted by the space charge limited current condition. The switch includes a block of semiconductor material having ohmic contacts connectable to first and second electrical conductors. Semi-insulating GaAs may be used as the semiconductor material. A shallow donor or acceptor doped layer may be formed at the surface receiving the electron beam for increased band-edge radiation. This recombination radiation ionizes, together with X-rays produced by Bremsstrahlung, the bulk of the semiconductor block to provide relatively high current density and current gain.

Multiprocessor interrupt rerouting mechanism
Patent number: 4831518
Assignee: Bull Hn Information Systems Inc. (Billerica, MA)
Inventors: Kin C. Yu (Burlington, MA), Allen C. Hirtle (Littleton, MA)

A multiprocessor interrupt rerouting mechanism and method is disclosed for rerouting messages intended for a first processor to a second processor. In a fault tolerant computer system having several processors or LANs under the control of a single controller, when the controller completes a communication task requested by one of the processors, it will send an interrupt request to the requesting processor which then notifies the application process for which the communication task was performed, information regarding the status of the communication task. If for any reason the requesting processor being interrupted is inoperative or too busy to handle the interrupt request, the application process is then notified as to the status of the communication task by rerouting the interrupt request from the controller so that another processor can handle it.

Vital processor implemented with non-vital hardware
Patent number: 4831521
Assignee: General Signal Corporation (Stamford, CT)
Inventors: David B. Rutherford (Rochester, NY)

A method and apparatus for effecting vital functions notwithstanding the fact that non-vital hardware is employed. A vital processor is implemented using non-vital hardware in the form of a digital computer which may for example be a microprocessor. The vital processor accepts binary input values and, based on a series of logical expressions relating output values to input values, determines the appropriate output values. Rather than employing a single bit to represent the condition of a particular input or output, unique multibit binary values or names are used. Each input or output has assigned to it at least two unique multibit values, each satisfying the code rules of a different code. Thus rather than representing a closed contact as a single 1 bit, and an open contact as a single 0 bit, the closed contact is represented by a unique multibit name which satisfies the code rules of a first code. At any point in the processing the value representing the contact can be checked to see if it satisfies the code rules, and if it does not a potential error is detected and handled. Although it is highly unlikely that a hardware failure would result in generating one of the few multibit names satisfying the code rule, that occurrence is not unlikely enough to be considered vital. Before actually controlling output devices in accordance with the processing, further tests are implemented which ensure that the multibit value computed for a particular output not only satisfies the predetermined code rule which is required, but is also correct bit for bit. Logic equations describing the relationship between output and input are actually computed using the multibit values as opposed to single bit values.

Cosmetic composition
Patent number: 4832946
Inventors: Martin R. Green (Water Stratford Buckingham, GB)

A composition suitable for topical application to mammalian skin or hair, comprises an amount of the cell-free supernatant from a culture of dermal papilla fibroblasts which is sufficient to increase hair growth in the rat, when applied thereto, by at least 10% more than that obtainable using a control composition from which the said cell-free supernatant has been omitted.

Circuit and method for page addressing read only memory
Patent number: 4831522
Assignee: Microlytics, Inc. (Pittsford, NY)
Inventors: Kenneth J. Henderson (Pittsford, NY), Ajaykumar A. Amin (Henrietta, NY)

A circuit and method for page addressing computer read-only memory (ROM) includes expanded ROM (12 and 13) and an address signal generator (20). Address signal generator (20) includes address line generator (21) for providing sufficient additional binary lines to expanded ROM (12 and 13) for addressing the entire expanded ROM memory space and a decoder circuit (22) for detecting the presence of prechosen addresses on the computer system address bus. The prechosen addresses permit selection of page increments in expanded ROM memory space for addressing over the more limited system address bus received by the original ROM.

Method of controlling the surge limit of turbocompressors
Patent number: 4831535
Assignee: Man Gutehoffnungshuette Gmb H (DE)
Inventors: Wilfried Blotenberg (Dinslaken, DE)

A method and apparatus for controlling the surge limit of a turbocompressor utilizes continuously measured pressure and temperature values at the suction and outlet sides of the compressor. A relief valve connected to the outlet side of the compressor is controlled as a function of the distance between a working point and a surge limit line or blow-off line of a characteristic graph produced by characteristic graph coordinates that are computed using the pressure and temperature values. The actual value of another operating parameter that is independent of the pressure and the temperature values, such as the speed of the turbine for the turbocompressor, for example, is used. This operating parameter defines a family of characteristic lines on the characteristic graph. A set-point value for the characteristic graph coordinates is then obtained using the characteristic line of the operating parameter which passes through the working point. If the set point value thus found does not correspond to the actual value for the operating parameter, a control signal is generated which can either be used to influence the relief valve or for generating a warning signal.

Hierarchical net list derivation system
Patent number: 4831543
Assignee: Harris Semiconductor (Patents) Inc. (Melbourne, FL)
Inventors: Mitchel A. Mastellone (New Brunswick, NJ)

A binary tree is created from flat part list and synonym output files and a component library. Each tree record includes a part, type, full path name, and net functional description for each primary net of each block and for each component in that block. The hierarchical coupling of these records and the primary net descriptions in each record supply all of the information necessary to extract a hierarchical net list.

Speaker-dependent connected speech word recognizer
Patent number: 4831551
Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated (Dallas, TX)
Inventors: Thomas B. Schalk (Dallas, TX), George R. Doddington (Richardson, TX)

Speech recognition is improved using reference pattern templates which have an added noise signal (noise floor) to avoid LPC high-gain synthesizer instability at low signal levels. Also, input signal frames have a length one-half that of reference frames whereby dynamic time warp computation steps are cut almost in half.

Method for concurrently displaying entries from a plurality of different electronic calendars based on interactively entered non-temporal criteria
Patent number: 4831552
Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation (Armonk, NY)
Inventors: Keith J. Scully (Austin, TX), Harinder S. Singh (Boca Raton, FL)

An electronic calendaring method for use in a data processing system that has a plurality of interactive type work stations connected directly or indirectly to a host processing unit. The method assists a calendar owner to request the system to develop and display a composite calender comprising entries from a plurality of calendars within a specified time span which have been selected by criteria entered interactively into the system by the calender owner. The criteria entered are not limited to "free periods" nor system established terminology but can include terms established by the calendar owner community.

Process control equipment for adverse environments
Patent number: 4831565
Assignee: Canadian Corporate Management Company Limited (Peterborough, CA)
Inventors: Steven J. Woodward (Port Hope, CA)

Microprocessor controlled industrial monitoring equipment uses a separate portable keypad which can be applied to a sealed casing containing a control unit to transmit commands and calibration to the equipment, which normally operates and provides a display of information in the absence of the keypad. The equipment is usually acoustic level sensing apparatus, in which pulses of acoustic energy are transmitted by an electrically energized transducer towards a surface to be sensed, and the electrical output from the transducer following the pulse is digitized and analyzed to detect a return echo from the surface. Various techniques of analysis of the digital data so produced are disclosed, so as variously to detect echoes more reliably, to assist in aligning the transducer during installation, and so as to detect open or short circuited transducers

Controller for controlling multiple LAN types
Patent number: 4831620
Assignee: Bull Hn Information Systems Inc. (Billerica, MA)
Inventors: John W. Conway (Waltham, MA), Robert J. Farrell (Wakefield, MA), Allen C. Hirtle (Littleton, MA), Leonard E. Niessen (Framingham, MA)

A local area network (LAN) system is provided that is capable of accommodating a variety of computer subsystem types, and having a LAN controller which can control at substantially the same time a plurality of LANs of the same type or a plurality of different types of LANs.

Modem backplane interconnections
Patent number: 4831634
Assignee: Bull Hn Information Systems Inc. (Billerica, MA), Bull Hn Information Systems Australia Pty Limited (Billerica, MA)
Inventors: Lance McNally (Townsend, MA), Peter Morley (Pepperell, MA)

Data communication equipment, including relay modules and MODEMS, are mounted on etched back planes. Etched conductors transfer communication line signal pairs to the relay modules, from the relay modules to the MODEMS and from the MODEMS to an output connector. Ribbon cables plugged into the output connectors transfer the MODEM output signals to logic boards, which are plugged into an etched VME bus panel. CPU's plugged into the etched VME bush panel receive signals from and transfer signals to the etched VME bus.

Radiotelephone credit card data communications
Patent number: 4831647
Assignee: Motorola, Inc. (Schaumburg, IL)
Inventors: Robert F. D'Avello (Hoffman Estates, IL), Daniel S. Rokusek (Schaumburg, IL), Francis P. Tobolski, Jr. (Algonquin, IL)

Method and apparatus for communicating credit card information read at a mobile radiotelephone unit is disclosed. Data read from a credit card is placed in a variable length error protected format and transmitted from the mobile radiotelephone unit to authorize payment of the radiotelephone call.

Method of confirming user in modem communications and its system
Patent number: 4831648
Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Myukomu (Hokkaido, JP)
Inventors: Hiroshi Nishino (Tokyo, JP)

The present invention offers a method and system for checking the legality of a user who is subscribed in a telephone system, for example. When a user wants to access an information system operated by the host computer of said telephone system, e.g., a data-base, the legality of the user, whether he is really a person who is registered in the host side, is checked in the host side before a line is established between the user and the host computer. In detail, the host side modem first checks the user who is then checked by the host side modem and the processing unit of the host side computer. Thereafter, mutual communications, between the user and the computer, are allowed. The system, based on the invention, comprises a host side modem connectable to the processing unit of the host computer, and a user side modem connectable to said host side modem. Said host side modem can check user while said processing unit being capable to check user through the interaction with the host side modem.

Miniature vortex generating apparatus
Patent number: 4831757
Inventors: Teddy J. Sheehan (Eldorado, OK)

A toy apparatus for generating a captive vortex comprises an upright transparent cylindrical enclosure filled with a selected quantity of a liquid and gas. A vane, sleeve and disk assembly coaxially mounted on a motor drive shaft, extending axially into the enclosure through its lid, is angularly rotated by the motor in response to manually operated electrical controls connecting a source of electrical energy with the motor.

Automatic transmission with overdrive
Patent number: 4831892
Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (JP)
Inventors: Yoshio Shindo (Toyota, JP), Hiroshi Ito (Toyota, JP)

In an automatic transmission including a torque converter, an overdrive gear mechanism, an underdrive gear mechanism, a planetary gear mechanism, a first input shaft for the overdrive mechanism connected with the torque converter, and a second input shaft for the underdrive mechanism, a support structure is provided which is formed with a radially outwardly extending wall axially located adjacent a spline which connects a ring gear of the planetary gear mechanism with the second input shaft, with the support structure also including an axially extending boss located at the radially inner end of the radially extending wall, the boss having the second input shaft rotatably supported therein with the piston of the servo mechanism for operating an overdrive brake of the overdrive mechanism being attached to the radially extending wall.

Composite acrylic resin particles
Patent number: 4833208
Assignee: Nippon Paint Co., Ltd. (Osaka, JP)
Inventors: Tadafumi Miyazono (Osaka, JP), Akio Kashihara (Osaka, JP), Shinichi Ishikura (Kyoto, JP)

Composite acrylic resin particles prepared by effecting an emulsion polymerization of a monomer mixture of (A) at least one crosslinking monomer having in its molecule two or more radically polymerizable mono- or 1,1-di-substituted ethylenic unsaturation bonds, or a combination of at least two monomers each having a mutually reactive functional group and one or more radically polymerizable mono- or 1,1-di-substituted ethylenic unsaturation bonds, (B) at least one mono-functional polymerizable monomer other than an aromatic compound, and (C) at least one monomer having in its molecule one or more radically polymerizable mono- or 1,1-di-substituted ethylenic unsaturation bonds and one or more radically polymerizable 1,2-di-, 1,1,2-tri- or 1,1,2,2-tetra-substituted ethylenic unsaturation bonds, and graft-polymerizing thus obtained particles with a polymerizable aromatic compound and other optional mono-functional monomers. The present acrylic resin particles are characterized in that a number of substantially linear acrylic polymer chains are chemically bonded to the particulate crosslinked acrylic polymer.

Joint transform image correlation using a nonlinear spatial light modulator at the fourier plane
Patent number: 4832447
Assignee: Board Of Trustees Operating Michigan State University (East Lansing, MI)
Inventors: Bahram Javidi (East Lansing, MI)

The present invention is a nonlinear joint transform image correlator which employs a spatial modulator operating in a binary mode at the Fourier plane. The reference and input images are illuminated by a coherent light at the object plane of a Fourier transform lens system. A image detection device, such as a charge coupled device, is disposed at the Fourier plane of this Fourier transform lens system. A thresholding network detects the median intensity level of the imaging cells of the charge coupled device at the Fourier plane and binarizes the Fourier transform interference intensity. The correlation output is formed by an inverse Fourier transform of this binarized Fourier transform interference intensity. In the preferred embodiment this is achieved via a second Fourier transform lens system. This binary data is then applied to spatial light modulator device operating in a binary mode located at the object plane of a second Fourier transform lens system. This binary mode spatial light modulator device is illuminated by coherent light producing the correlation output at the Fourier plane of the second Fourier transform lens system. The inverse Fourier transform may also be formed via a computer. In an alternative embodiment, the Fourier transform interference intensity is thresholded into one of three ranges. An inverse Fourier transform of this trinary Fourier transform interference intensity produces the correlation output.

Optical system with grating lens assembly for correcting wavelength aberrations
Patent number: 4832464
Assignee: Fujitsu Limited (Kawasaki, JP)
Inventors: Masayuki Kato (Atsugi, JP), Satoshi Maeda (Atsugi, JP), Fumio Yamagishi (Ebina, JP), Hiroyuki Ikeda (Yokohama, JP), Takefumi Inagaki (Kawasaki, JP)

An optical system having a grating lens assembly including a first grating lens which diffracts rays of a beam incident thereupon so as to provide non-parallel diffraction rays and a second grating lens which converges the non-parallel diffraction rays at a predetermined point substantially without aberration.

Inverted galilean telescope type viewfinder system capable of changing over the magnification
Patent number: 4832470
Assignee: Nikon Corporation (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Koichi Wakamiya (Tokyo, JP)

A viewfinder system capable of changing over the magnification includes an objective lens unit having at least two negative lens elements replaceable with each other for magnification change-over, and an eyepiece unit having a positive refractive power and constituting an inverted Galilean telescope type viewfinder with the objective lens unit. When the radius of curvature of that surface of one negative lens element for low magnification which is adjacent to the object side is rw.sub.1 and the radius of curvature of that surface of said one negative lens element which is adjacent to the eyepiece side is rw.sub.2 and the radius of curvature of that surface of the other negative lens element for high magnification which is adjacent to the object side is rT1 and the radius of curvature of that surface of said other negative lens element which is adjacent to the eyepiece side is rT2 and Q.sub.W and Q.sub.T are defined as the negative lens elements replaceable with each other satisfy the following conditions:

Method for correction of calibration curve in dry analytical process
Patent number: 4832488
Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. (Kanagawa, JP)
Inventors: Kikuo Hirai (Asaka, JP), Fuminori Arai (Asaka, JP), Yuzo Iwata (Asaka, JP)

A method for correction of calibration curve in a dry analytical process for quantitative analysis of analyte in a liquid sample such as blood is disclosed. In the method, a calibration curve which has been previously determined for analysis of the analyte using a standard dry analytical element is corrected for application to a dry analytical element having deviated from the standard dry analytical element in its sensitivity to the analyte due to unintentional denaturation, variation, etc., utilizing an optical density determined on the above deviated dry analytical element which has not received spotting of a liquid sample containing the analyte.

Governed vane wind turbine
Patent number: 4832569
Inventors: Eirik Samuelsen (N-3400 Lier, NO), Sverre Schiotz (Davis, CA)

Wind energy converting machine comprising a solid rotating ring carrying airfoils which are governed to have an optimal angle of attack to the wind approaching each of them when the wind velocity is below a chosen limit. In stronger wind the angles of attack are decreased to limit the power uptake. The ring is supported by stationary rollers which act as friction wheels to transfer the power to electric generators or the like. An example is described in which 90 airfoils, 30 meters high and with 3.6 meters root chord, perform a track of 200 meters diameter, at a speed of 8 m/sec. This turbine is calculated to produce 3.75 megaWatt in a wind of a velocity of 10 m/sec. or higher.

Tamper evident injection syringe
Patent number: 4832695
Inventors: Bruce Rosenberg (St. Catherines, Ont., CA), Cynthia S. Rosenberg (St. Catherines, Ont., CA)

A tamper evident injection syringe of the disposable type is described having a container for storage of the material to be injected, means for expelling the material, an interference collar at one end of the container and a flange attached to the expelling means that is close fitting to the internal wall of the container and having a dimension greater than the interference collar such that the flange cannot pass through the interference means thereby preventing removal of the expelling means and the contents of the syringe. In addition a needle nub is described that permits connection of a needle or catheter and the connection of a tamper evident sealing cap that is easily removable yet when removed cannot be replaced without the removal being evident.

Fertilizer compositions, processes of making them, and pocesses of using them
Patent number: 4832728
Assignee: Melamine Chemicals, Inc. (Donaldsonville, LA)
Inventors: G. Graham Allan (Seattle, WA), Donald E. Freepons (Kennewick, WA), George M. Crews (Baton Rouge, LA)

Relates to a fertilizer product in granular form, to processes for making and using it. The granules have strength, sizes and weights suitable for mechanical dispensing and application to and into the soil. These granules combine particles of a nitrogen source of poor solubility in pH 7 water at C., that converts slowly to a useful form, together with a binder that holds these fine particles together.

High temperature-resistant aluminum alloy and process for its production
Patent number: 4832737
Assignee: Vereinigte Aluminium Werke Aktiengesellschaft (DE)
Inventors: Ignaz Mathy (Waldesch, DE), Gunther Scharf (Bonn, DE)

A high temperature-resistant aluminum alloy is disclosed, comprising an aluminum matrix containing a dispersion mixture of reinforcing aluminum-iron particles with 2-16% nickel and/or cobalt, 1-6% copper and 1-3% manganese. The weight ratio of the copper to manganese is between about 2:1 and 1:1, and the intermetallic phases of the type AlCuMn, Al.sub.3 Ni and/or Al.sub.9 Co.sub.2 are present in spherical forms.

Process for the low-distortion thermomechanical treatment of workpieces in mass production as well as application of the process
Patent number: 4832764
Assignee: Jenny Pressen Ac (Frauenfeld, CH)
Inventors: Peter Merz (Wiesendangen, CH)

In the system, heating device (2), quenching press (4), tempering device (6), and cooling device (8) are connected one directly after the other in such a way that the workpieces (10) pass through the individual stations with specified cycle times and without heat loss. The temperature-time response during the individual treatment steps is controlled by means of a central program control in accordance with a specified program determined by testing and/or calculation. The system is especially suitable for use in the fully automatic, thermomechanical treatment in mass production of disk springs, especially those which have a greater hardness at the free ends of the lamellae than in the remaining areas.

Storage stable paper size composition containing ethoxylated castor oil
Patent number: 4832792
Inventors: Emil D. Mazzarella (Mountainside, NJ), Walter Maliczyszyn (Somerville, NJ), Jeffrey Atkinson (Neshanic Station, NJ)

A shelf stable paper size is prepared from a mixture of a substituted cyclic dicarboxylic acid anhydride and an ethoxylated castor oil.

Method of making overlay alloy used for a surface layer of sliding material
Patent number: 4832801
Assignee: Daido Metal Company Ltd (Nagoya, JP)
Inventors: Sanae Mori (Nagoya, JP)

Herein disclosed is a method of making an overlay alloy used for a surface layer of a sliding material and consisting, by weight, of Cu within the range of 0.1 to 6%, In within the range of 1 to 10% and the balance Pb and incidental impurities, and a composite sliding material comprising a surface layer consisting of said overlay alloy. The overlay alloy can further include Sn not more than 8%. The method includes electroplating a layer of Pb-Cu alloy, electroplating indium and, optionally, tin and heating to diffuse the constituents of the plated layers.

Process for the preparation of overbased molybdenum alkaline earth metal and alkali metal dispersions
Patent number: 4832857
Assignee: Amoco Corporation (Chicago, IL)
Inventors: Mack W. Hunt (Naperville, IL), John H. Udelhofen (Wheaton, IL)

A process for incorporating molybdenum into overbased alkaline earth metal and alkali metal sulfonates, phenates and salicylates. The incorporation is a post addition of molybdenum into a previously prepared overbased composition. The resulting composition containing molybdenum is gel-free, haze-free, precipitate-free, has a reproducible Total Base Number (TBN) and is commercially acceptable for use in lubricating oil compositions.

Process for the preparation of solid polymeric stabilizer compounds
Patent number: 4833211
Assignee: Eniricherche S.P.A. (Milan, IT), Enichem Sintesi S.P.A. (Palermo, IT)
Inventors: Arnaldo Roggero (Milan, IT), Mario Clerici (Milan, IT), Guglielmo Bertolini (Pavia, IT)

Solid polymeric stabilizer compound containing the hydroxybenzophenone function, having the general formula (I): ##STR1## wherein: m=from 0.01 to 0.99 (preferably from 0.1 to 0.6); l=from 0.99 to 0.01 (preferably from 0.9 to 0.4): m+l=1; R=H, --OH, --OR" (R"+(C.sub.1 -C.sub.20)-alkyl; aryl, alkylaryl cycloalkyl). halogen, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.20)-alkyl, cycloalkyl; R'=H, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.20)-alkyl, cycloalkyl. Also the process for preparing said solid polymeric stabilizers and the stabilized polymeric compositions comprising at least an organic polymer and a stabilizing amount of said solid polymeric stabilizers are disclosed.

Water dispersible petroleum jelly compositions
Patent number: 4832858
Assignee: Chesebrough Pond's Inc. (Greenwich, CT)
Inventors: Mohan Vishnupad (Monroe, CT), Jose E. Ramirez (Trumbull, CT), Robert A. Bornfriend (Ridgefield, CT)

A stable, water dispersible petroleum jelly formulation, which is an oil-in-water emulsion, is described which comprises water, petroleum jelly, optional humectant, and emulsifier. The composition is formed by ultrasonically emulsifying the various components which will ultimately form the emulsion.

Soap compositions of enhanced antimicrobial effectiveness
Patent number: 4832861
Assignee: Lever Brothers Company (New York, NY)
Inventors: Carol M. Resch (Rutherford, NJ)

A cleaning composition is disclosed comprising a mixture of soap, acyl isethionate salts and 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxy diphenyl ether. The ratio of soap to acyl isethionate salt ranges from 2.5:1 to 1.5:1.

Vitamin D.sub.3 derivative
Patent number: 4832875
Assignee: Taisho Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Nobuo Ikekawa (Musashino, JP)

This invention provides 1.alpha.,25-dihydroxy-24a,24a-difluoro-24-homovitamin D.sub.3 and a process for its production. This compound has strong vitamin D activity and low toxicity and is useful for preventing and treating calcium pathobolism, osteoporosis, etc.

Low thermal expansion cast alloy
Patent number: 4832908
Assignee: Nec Corporation (Tokyo, JP), Hitachi Metals Precision Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Katsuhisa Ishikawa (Shimane, JP), Ryoji Yamamoto (Shimane, JP), Takayuki Tsukahara (Shimane, JP)

A novel low thermal expansion cast alloy is provided. The alloy consists of, by percents by weight, 0.02 to 0.25% of C, 30.5 to 33.3% of Ni, 4.0 to 6.0% of Co, 0.005 to 0.70% of Mn, 0.005-0.50% of Si and the balance substantially of Fe, with the proviso that % C.gtoreq.3.0285-0.0936 x % Ni (% C and % Ni are weight % of C and Ni). By such composition, micro-segregation of Ni can be reduced and the Ni content range showing the low thermal expansion coefficient can be broadened to an extent of substantially enabling mass production by a casting process in place of the conventional forging or rolling process. The average thermal expansion coefficient at the temperature range from - 50 to C. of the cast alloy is not more than 1.5.times.10.sup.-6 /.degree.C.

Nail enamel containing silicone-coated pigments
Patent number: 4832944
Assignee: Revlon Inc. (New York, NY)
Inventors: Robert L. Socci (Cedar Grove, NJ), Anatoly A. Ismailer (Forest Hills, NY), Anthony Castrogiovanni (Belford, NJ)

Pigmented nail enamels in which the pigment is coated with an organo-polysiloxane exhibit greatly reduced settling and migration of the pigment.

Remoistenable adhesives
Patent number: 4833002
Assignee: The Wiggins Teape Group Limited (Basingstoke, GB2)
Inventors: Peter Sinclair (Amersham, GB2)

Paper coated uniformly with discrete dots of remoistenable adhesive, especially based on starch or polyvinyl alcohol, has curl stability comparable with particle gum coated papers. Preferably, the dots are less than 0.3 mm in diameter and typically spaced 0.5 to 1 mm (centers) apart. The product is made by screen coating dots of aqueous adhesive mix onto base paper.

Laminate of fiber-reinforced, crosslinked polypropylene
Patent number: 4833005
Assignee: Dynamit Nobel Aktiengesellschaft (Troisdorf, DE)
Inventors: Karlo Klaar (Troisdorf-Sieglar, DE), Paul Spielau (Troisdorf-Eschmar, DE), Werner Kuhnel (Neunkirchen-Schoneshof, DE)

A laminate is made of textile sheet structures of synthetic fibers or glass fibers with a covering of polypropylene. The polypropylene is crosslinked by addition of crosslinking agents. The laminate has good electrical insulating properties, perfect solder bath stability, and good mechanical machinability. This laminate is provided, in heated presses, with metal layers or can be provided, in heated presses, with metal layers or can be provided with such metals layers by the application of metallic foils or by electrolytical methods, and serves for the manufacture of printed circuits and ribbon cables. An advantageous production of the textile sheet structures encased with crosslinked polypropylene can be performed on roll stands by thermoplastic encasing and smoothing in a continuous process.

Developing solution for positive-working photoresist comprising tmah and non-ionic surfactant
Patent number: 4833067
Assignee: Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd. (Kawasaki, JP)
Inventors: Hatsuyuki Tanaka (Samukawa, JP), Hidekatsu Kohara (Chigasaki, JP), Yoshiyuki Sato (Samukawa, JP), Shingo Asaumi (Fujisawa, JP), Toshimasa Nakayama (Hiratsuka, JP), Akira Yokota (Yamato, JP), Hisashi Nakane (Yokohama, JP)

The aqueous developing solution of the invention for positive-working photoresist compositions contains, in addition to an organic basic compound free from metallic ions, such as tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide and choline, as the principal ingredient, from 50 to 5000 ppm of an acetylene alcohol. In comparison with conventional developing solutions, the inventive developing solution is advantageous in the uniformity of the patterned photoresist layer, higher sensitivity and smaller temperature dependency of development and less drawbacks due to foaming of the solution.

Silver halide color photographic light-sensitive material comprising a specified cyan coupler combination and total film thickness
Patent number: 4833069
Assignee: Konishiroku Photo Industry Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Fumio Hamada (Hino, JP), Yoshitaka Yamada (Hino, JP), Kiyotoshi Yamashita (Hino, JP)

A silver halide color photographic light-sensitive material is disclosed. The material is improved in a developing stability, whose red density-green density balance is hardly affected even by change in a developing condition. The photographic material comprises a support and, provided on a side of the support, at least one red-sensitive silver halide emulsion layer and at least one green-sensitive silver halide emulsion layer. The total thickness of the layers provided on the emulsion coated side of the suport, is within the range of from 5 to 18 .mu.m. The red-sensitive emulsion layer contains a cyan-dye forming coupler and a clored cyan-dye forming coupler, and a ratio of the colored cyan-dye forming coupler to the total amount of the cyan-dye forming coupler and the colored cyan-dye forming coupler is within the range of from 15 to 80 mol %.

Photographic method using bleaching solution containing ferric complex salts and an aromatic compound
Patent number: 4894320
Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. (Kanagawa, JP)
Inventors: Shinji Ueda (Kanagawa, JP), Masakazu Morigaki (Kanagawa, JP), Kozo Aoki (Kanagawa, JP)

A method of processing an imagewise exposed silver halide color photographic material comprising developing the material with a color developing solution, and then processing the material with a solution having a bleaching ability, wherein the processing solution having a bleaching ability contains a ferric complex salt comprising, as a complexing agent, an aromatic compound having at least one group represented by the following general formula (I): ##STR1## wherein X represents a hydrogen atom or an organic or inorganic cation, A represents a single bond or a divalent linking group, and R represents a hydrogen atom, an aliphatic group, an aromatic group, a heterocyclic ring group, an acyl group, a sulfonyl group, A or --CH.sub.2 PO.sub.3 X.sub.2.

Hypocholesterolemically and/or hypotriglyceridemically active RNA fractions
Patent number: 4833129
Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisya Advance Kaihatsu Kenkyujo (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Yasuo Kawai (Atsugi, JP), Kazunaga Yazawa (Sagamihara, JP)

Hypocholesterolemically and/or hypotriglyceridemically active RNA fractions having the following characteristics: (a) Molecular weight by gel filtration: 2,000.+-.1,000 (b) Base composition ratio of nucleic acid: uracil: guanine: cytosine: adenine=13.0: 16.0: 16.0: 10.0 (c) Infrared absorption sepctrum: shown in FIG. 2 (d) Physiological characteristics: having a hypocholesterolemic and/or hypotriglyceridemic activity in mammals. These hypocholesterolemically and/or hypotriglyceridemically active RNA fractions can be prepared by cultivating a microorganism belonging to the genus Streptococcus in an adequate culture medium therefor; and collecting the hypocholesterolemically and/or hypotriglyceridemically active RNA fractions from the cultured cells of the microorganism. These hypocholesterolemically and/or hypotriglyceridemically active RNA fractions can be used as an active ingredient of a hypocholesterolemic or hypotriglyceridemic pharmaceutical composition together with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier therefor to form a hypocholesterolemic or hypotriglyceridemic pharmaceutical composition, which is suitable for oral administration to mammals.

Enhancing cholinergic activity with 5-substituted 1-[4-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-2-butynyl]-2-pyrrolidinones and related compounds
Patent number: 4833139
Assignee: Hoechst Roussel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Somerville, NJ)
Inventors: Lawrence L. Martin (Lebanon, NJ)

There are disclosed compounds of the formula ##STR1## where R.sub.1 is loweralkoxycarbonyl, --CH.sub.2 OH or --CONR.sub.3 R.sub.4, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 being independently hydrogen, loweralkyl or arylloweralkyl; and R.sub.2 is --CH.sub.2 CH.dbd.CH.sub.2, ##STR2## R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 being independently loweralkyl or alternatively the group -NR.sub.5 R.sub.6 as a whole being ##STR3## R.sub.7 being hydrogen, loweralkyl or arylloweralkyl; which are useful for enhancing cholinergic activity in mammals and hence for the treatment of various memory dysfunctions characterized by decreased cholinergic function such as Alzheimer's disease.

4(3H)-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives
Patent number: 4833145
Assignee: The Trustees Of Princeton University (Princeton, NJ), Eli Lilly And Company (Indianapolis, IN)
Inventors: Edward C. Taylor (Princeton, NJ), George P. Beardsley (Essex, CT), Chuan Shih (Indianapolis, IN)

Derivatives of N-[4-(N-[2-amino-4(3H)-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-6-ylme thyl]-amino)benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid are antineoplastic agents. Their preparation and use, and intermediates useful for their preparation are described.

Process for the preparation of cold setting flexible polyurethane molded foams
Patent number: 4833176
Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (Bayerwerk, DE)
Inventors: Klaus-Dieter Wolf (Cologne, DE), Hans-Joachim Kogelnik (Cologne, DE)

The present invention is directed to a process for the preparation of cold setting, flexible, polyurethane, molded foams in a closed mold by reacting a polyisocyanate with a high molecular weight polyol in the presence of about 5 to 15, preferably about 6 to 12 parts by weight of water, based on the weight of the high molecular weight polyol at an isocyanate index below 70.

Polymeric compositions endowed with self-extinguishing properties containing melamine bromohydrate
Patent number: 4833186
Assignee: Himont Inc. (Milan, IT)
Inventors: Guido Bertelli (Ferrara, IT), Renato Locatelli (Ferrara, IT)

Self-extinguishing polymeric compositions comprising by weight: (1) from 49 to 99% of a thermoplastic polymer (2) from 1 to 50% of melamine bromohydrate (3) from 0 to 1% of a promoter of free radicals.

High flow drapable polymer compositions
Patent number: 4833195
Assignee: Bp Performance Polymers, Inc. (New York, NY)
Inventors: Ashok M. Adur (Hackettstown, NJ), Joseph M. Hogue, Jr. (Irvington, NJ)

A thermoplastic pelletizable polymer composition comprising an oligomer or degraded polyolefin and an olefinic elastomer. Optionally, the composition can also include a polyolefin thermoplastic polymer. The composition, when converted to a film or fabric meets the criteria or drapability, low hardness on the Shore A scale, high melt flow and reprocessability.

Process for the preparation of water-soluble copolymers
Patent number: 4833199
Assignee: Wolff Walsrode Ag (Walsrode, DE)
Inventors: Lutz Hoppe (Walsrode, DE), Helmut Huhn (Walsrode, DE), Werner Karstens (Bomlitz, DE), Eugen Reinhardt (Walsrode, DE)

Process for the preparation of aqueous solutions of hydrolysed styrene/acrylonitrile copolymers, the carboxyl groups of which are entirely or partly present as NH.sub.4 and/or alkali metal salt, characterized in that (a) 40-90% by weight of acrylonitrile, (b) 10-60% by weight of styrene and 0-20% by weight of further monomer which can be hydrolysed by alkali are subjected to suspension or emulsion polymerization, the aqueous dispersion or emulsion is subsequently hydrolysed at C. in the presence of alkali metals and/or alkaline earth metals, and, if appropriate, the copolymer solution is treated with hydrogen peroxide wherein a part of the styrene may be replaced by a further monomer which cannot be hydrolysed by alkali.

Polymer products containing polyacetylene and process for the polymerization of acetylene in the presence of polymers
Patent number: 4833201
Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (Leverkusen, DE)
Inventors: K. H. Aleksander Ostoja Starzewski (Bad Vilbel, DE), Josef Witte (Cologne, DE)

The polymerization of acetylene in the presence of polymers using certain nickel catalysts results in polyacetylene-containing polymer products which are readily processed while retaining their electrical properties.

Ester-containing halopolyalkylenes
Patent number: 4541839
Assignee: Petrolite Corporation (St. Louis, MO)
Inventors: Michael I. Naiman (St. Louis, MO), John A. Schield (Chesterfield, MO)

This invention relates to polyalkylenes which contain both halogen and ester groups, to the preparation thereof, and to the use thereof as pour depressants for fuel oils. This invention also relates to polyalkylene esters.

Polymeric materials having controlled physical properties
Patent number: 4833205
Assignee: Air Products And Chemicals, Inc. (Allentown, PA)
Inventors: Bernard D. Bauman (Coopersburg, PA), Patricia E. Burdick (Whitehall, PA), Rajendra K. Mehta (Allentown, PA)

Ground polymeric elastomer or other polymeric plastic, particularly from recovered scrap, is surface modified by treatment with a gaseous mixture containing a minor amount of fluorine and a larger amount of at leasts one reactive gas in an inert gaseous carrier. By the treatment the ground material is made more compatible for admixture with polyfunctional polymer-forming liquids, thereby obtaining novel composites of controlled physical properties. The other reactive gas is preferably oxygen or one of the gases from the group consisting of: chlorine and SO.sub.2 with or without added oxygen.

Hydrophilic silicone-organic copolymer elastomers containing bioactine agent
Patent number: 4833218
Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation (Midland, MI)
Inventors: Chi-Long Lee (Midland, MI)

This invention provides compositions which are curable to hydrophilic, water-absorbing silicone-organic copolymer elastomers via free radical polymerization such as by the use of free radical precursors, ultraviolet light or electron beam radiation. The compositions are mixtures of (A) from 50 to 95 parts by weight of block copolymers containing polydiorganosiloxane segments and polyalkyleneoxy segments which block copolymers contain terminal aliphatically unsaturated groups such as those derived from the reaction of isocyanoethyl methacrylate with terminal free hydroxyl groups present on the polyalkyleneoxy segments and the polyalkyleneoxy segments are ultimately attached to the silicon atoms by means of a linkage formed by reaction with a diisocyanate compound and (B) from 5 to 50 parts by weight of at least one substantially water insoluble aliphatically unsaturated organic monomer which is compatible with (A) such as methyl methacrylate. The cured elastomers, some of which are optically clear, are useful as membranes for gas or fluid separations or for the controlled release of bioactive agents such as insecticides, herbicides, or drugs.

Hardener for curable one-package epoxy resin system
Patent number: 4833226
Assignee: Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (Osaka, JP)
Inventors: Hidekazu Ishimura (Fujinomiya, JP), Masahiko Otsuka (Kurashiki, JP), Yasushi Takahashi (Fuji, JP), Tadayoshi Ishikawa (Fuji, JP)

A master batch of hardener for curable one-package epoxy resin system which comprises (I) a hardener consisting of (I) a hardener consisting of (i) a powder of an amine compound (A) as a core having at least one tertiary amino group in the molecule while having no primary and secondary amino groups, the powder having both a group (X) capable of absorbing infrared rays of 1630 to 1680 cm.sup.-1 in wave length and a group (Y) capable of absorbing infrared rays of 1680 to 1725 cm.sup.-1 in wave length at least on the surface of the powder, and (ii) a reaction product of the amine compound (A) and an epoxy resin as a shell; and (II) an epoxy resin (B) in a ratio of 10 to 50,000 parts by weight to 100 parts by weight of the hardener (I). A hardener containing the master batch is also disclosed.

Synthesis of novel highly intrinsic conducting organic polymers
Patent number: 4833232
Assignee: Exxon Research And Engineering Company (Florham Park, NJ)
Inventors: Long Y. Chiang (Somerset, NJ)

A conducting organic polymer including a cross-linked polyquinoline network and a process for making it.

Sulfo group-containing disaz compounds having a heterocyclic coupling component radical
Patent number: 4833235
Assignee: Sandoz Ltd. (Basel, CH)
Inventors: Reinhard Pedrazzi (Allschwil, CH)

Disazo compounds of the formula ##STR1## and salt thereof, D is the radical of a diazo component of the benzene or naphthalene series. K is the radical of a heterocyclic coupling component of the aminopyrazole-, pyridone- or barbituric acid-series, n is 1 to 4, R.sub.1 is hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl or substituted C.sub.1-4 alkyl, each of R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 is independently hydrogen, halo, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, substituted C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.1-4 alkoxy, substituted C.sub.1-4 alkoxy, --NHCO--Rhd 5, amino, substituted amino or a quaternary ammonium group, wherein R.sub.5 is C.sub.1-4 alkyl, substituted C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.1-4 alkoxy or amino, R.sub.4 is hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl, C.sub.1-4 alkoxy, halo or nitro, X is a bridging radical, and with the proviso that the number of anionic groups equals or exceeds the total number of basic and cationic groups, are useful as direct dyes, as such or in the form or solid or particularly liquid aqueous dye preparations, for dyeing or printing hydroxy group- or nitrogen- containing organic substrates, such as textiles consisting of or containing cellulose material, leather, glass and especially paper, and are also useful in inks.

Isothiazolone 1,1-dioxide derivatives with psychotropic activity
Patent number: 4833249
Assignee: American Home Products Corporation (New York, NY)
Inventors: Magid A. Abou-Gharbia (Wilmington, DE), Guy A. Schiehser (Malvern, PA), Usha R. Patel (Audubon, PA)

There are disclosed compounds of the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are each, independently, hydrogen, lower alkyl, aryl or halo, or R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 taken together represent ##STR2## where the dotted lines represent optional double bonds; R.sup.3, R.sup.4 and R.sup.5 are each, independently, hydrogen, lower alkyl, aryl or halo; R.sup.6 is 2-pyridinyl, 2-pyrazinyl, 2-quinolyl, 2-quinoxalinyl or any of the foregoing R.sup.6 moieties substituted by lower alkyl, lower alkoxy, trifluoromethyl, cyano, nitro or halo; or R.sup.6 is ##STR3## wherein R.sup.7 is phenyl, 2-pyridinyl, 2-pyrimidinyl, 3-pyridazinyl or 2-pyrazinyl or any of the foregoing R.sup.7 moieties substituted by lower alkyl, lower alkoxy, halo, cyano, trifluoromethyl or nitro; Z is --(CH.sub.2).sub.n --, --O--, or ##STR4## X is lower alkylene, vinylene, O or NH; m is 1-5; n is 0-4; p is 1-4; q is 1-2; and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, and their use as antipsychotic/anxiolytic agents having a low liability for extrapyramidal side effects.

Process for the epoxidation of olefinic compounds
Patent number: 4833260
Assignee: Anic S.P.A. (Palermo, IT)
Inventors: Carlo Neri (S. Donato Milanese, IT), Bartolomeo Anfossi (Milan, IT), Antonio Esposito (S. Donato Milanese, IT), Franco Buonomo (S. Donato Milanese, IT)

A process for the epoxidation of olefinic compounds, consisting of reacting said compounds with hydrogen peroxide either introduced as such or produced by substances capable of generating it under the reaction conditions, in the presence of synthetic zeolites containing titanium atoms, of general formula: where x lies between 0.0001 and 0.04, and possibly in the presence of one or more solvents, operating at a temperature of between and C., and at a pressure of between 1 and 100 ata.

Method and apparatus for regenerating cracking catalyst
Patent number: 4541921
Assignee: Mobil Oil Corporation (New York, NY)
Inventors: Benjamin Gross (Cherry Hill, NJ), James H. Haddad (Princeton Junction, NJ), Madhava Malladi (West Deptford, NJ)

A fast fluidized bed regenerator of an FCC apparatus is improved by incorporating into the regenerator an internal riser, for more complete combustion of coke, and by providing a means of preventing catalyst flow reversals between the spent and regenerated beds of the catalyst.

Atomizer foil, atomizer having such an atomizer foil and use of such atomizer foil
Patent number: 6425531
Assignee: Cris Ni Ap S (Risskov, DK), Kalstrup; S.O Slashed.Ren Anton (L.o slashed.gst.o slashed.r, DK)
Inventors: Preben Buur Nielsen (Risskov, DK)

An atomizer foil is provided in an atomizer to mix liquid into an air flow passing through the flow duct of the atomizer. In order to achieve an even distribution of liquid drops in the air cone discharged from the atomizer, the liquid is conveyed out on the atomizer foil via outlets disposed symmetrically on the edge of the leading side. Each outlet is connected with an inlet chamber in the atomizer foil via an outlet duct.

Threo-adrenalinecarboxylic acid, and the production and uses thereof
Patent number: 4833268
Assignee: Zaidan Hojin Biseibutsu Kagaku Kenkyu Kai (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Hamao Umezawa (Tokyo, JP), Toshiharu Nagatsu (Yokohama, JP), Hirotaro Narabayashi (Tokyo, JP), Tomio Takeuchi (Tokyo, JP), Shuichi Iwadare (Tokyo, JP), Ikuo Matsumoto (Machida, JP), Junji Yoshizawa (Machida, JP), Hajime Morishima (Tokyo, JP), Koji Tomimoto (Kawasaki, JP)

DL- or L-Threo-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-N-methyl-serine which may also be termed as DL- or L-threo-adrenalinecarboxylic acid are now provided, which are new compounds useful for therapeutic treatment of Parkinson's disease and mental depression disease. DL-Adrenalinecarboxylic acid may be produced by a new process comprising reacting glycine with O-protected 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, hydrolyzing the resultant reaction product under acidic conditions to form O-protected DL-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)serine, isolating the O-protected DL-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)serine into the threo isomer and the erythro isomer by recrystallization from a suitable organic solvent, introducing an unsubstituted or substituted benzyl group into the 2-amino group of the resulting O-protected DL-threo-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)serine, then N-methylating the resulting O-protected DL-threo-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl )-N-benzylserine, and removing the O-protecting groups as well as the unsubstituted or substituted benzyl group at the 2-methylamino group of the N-methylation product. L-Adrenalinecarboxylic acid may be produced by a new process comprising introducing a p-methoxybenzyloxycarbonyl group into the 2-amino group of the O-protected DL-threo-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)serine obtained as an intermediate product, optically resolving the resultant O-protected DL-threo-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-N-p-methoxybenzyloxycarbonyl-serine by reacting the latter with an optically active amine and recrystallizing the resultant amine salt products from a suitable organic solvent, removing the p-methoxy-benzyloxycarbonyl group from the resultant O-protected L-threo-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-N-p-methoxybenzyloxycarbonyl-serine, reacting the resultant O-protected L-threo-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)serine with dimethyl sulfate in dry acetone to form an O-protected L- or D-threo-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-N-methylserine methyl ester, saponifying this methyl ester and then removing the O-protecting groups from the saponification product.

Optical automatic seam tracker and real time control system for an industrial robot
Patent number: 4833381
Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp. (Pittsburgh, PA)
Inventors: Jeffrey D. Taft (Plum Boro, PA), James F. Ellison (Pittsburgh, PA), Gerald A. Breakey (Penn Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

A control processor in a robotic system treats optically sensed locations along the seam path ahead of the tool, which are classified in relation to elapsed distances and identified in 3-D coordinates and 3-axes tool orientation, to apply in real time and under feedforward a control signal representing the error between anticipated tool position and anticipated sensed location on the path. In the process, the anticipated sensed location is obtained by interpolation between acutally sensed locations. A taught path is recovered from the robot. The control processor operation is also based on elapsed distances and related to actual tool position provided by the robot.

Method of and arrangement for controlling an asynchronous motor
Patent number: 4833388
Assignee: Hans Heynau Gmb H (Munich, DE)
Inventors: Karlheinz Dorner (Karlsfeld, DE)

A method and an arrangement for controlling an asynchronous motor fed via a frequency converter. The control is accomplished with a model implemented in a microcomputer which is provided with data derived from the characteristics of the motor set forth on the rating-plate of the asynchronous motor along with data derived directly from the operating characteristics.

DTMF receiver
Patent number: 4833399
Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated (Dallas, TX)
Inventors: John L. W. So (Norcross, GA)

A DTMF receiver (10) recognizes each of a plurality of multi-frequency tones, each tone centered on a predetermined standard frequency. Two digital bandpass filters (14, 16) each have four frequency bins, each frequency bin operating according to a recursive second-order transfer function for preferentially transmitting frequencies near the standard frequencies. Each frequency bin accumulates, for each of a plurality of sampling periods, respective spectral energy signals from the input signal. A temporal energy signal is derived from the spectral energy signals. For each bandpass filter (14, 16), a time-domain test template generator (30) and a frequency-domain test template generator (34) are provided to generate time-domain and frequency-domain test templates. These test templates are input to an analyzer (38) that compares the templates against data-adaptive frequency-domain and time-domain reference templates.

Scan time reduction using conjugate symmetry and recalled echo
Patent number: 4833407
Assignee: Picker International, Inc. (Highland Heights, OH)
Inventors: G. Neil Holland (Chagrain Falls, OH), Terrence J. Provost (Cleveland Heights, OH), Gordon D. DeMeester (Wickcliffe, OH), Kenneth S. Denison (Shaker Heights, OH)

A spin echo (52) and a gradient echo (60) are generated in each magnetic resonance sequence repetition. The spin echo is phase encoded by a phase encode gradient (44) in regular steps spanning about a quarter of k-space. More particularly, steps from -n to G.sub.max /2, where n is a small integer and G.sub.max is the maximum phase encode gradient. An off-set phase encode gradient (58) shifts the phase encoding of the gradient echo by G.sub.max /2 relative to the first phase encoding gradient. Data to fill the empty portions of k-space (142, 167) between -n and -G.sub.max are generated from the complex conjugate (140, 160), of the first echo data (74) and the second echo data (76). The first and second echo data and the complex conjugate data are transformed (122, 132, 146, 166) to generate parted image representations (124, 134, 148, 168). The first echo image representation and the corresponding conjugately symmetric image representation are phase corrected (126, 150) in accordance with a phase map ( 112) derived from the central most first echo data (78). The partial image representations are summed (170) to produce a resultant image representation (172).

Keyboard apparatus and method
Patent number: 4833446
Assignee: Ergoplic Ltd. (Kiron, IL)
Inventors: Zohar Eilam (Ramat Aviv, IL), Zeev Bar Itzchak (Haifa, IL)

A chordic keyboard including chordic data entry locations corresponding to the five fingers of the human hand and correlation apparatus for correlating a set of chordic data entry location engagement combinations to a set of letters in accordance with a code which is characterized in that available data entry location engagement combinations are arranged in a plurality of groups, the engagement combinations in each group having a predetermined relationship among their fingering patterns, each group being matched with letters forming a recognizable combination of letters, whereby the fingering patterns are readily memorizable.

Door chime
Patent number: 4833454
Assignee: Jay Advertising, Inc. (Milwaukee, WI)
Inventors: James P. Pawlik (Greendale, WI), Margaret A. Erdell (Brookfield, WI)

An audio signal device for a door mounted advertising display, the device includes a signal unit, a battery connected to said signal unit, the unit including a tone generator, a pulse generator connected to control the tone generator, a timer connected to control the time of operation of the pulse generator, and a motion switch connected to energize the timer in response to the motion of the door, the timer further including a circuit for preventing reactivation of the timer for a predetermined period of time.