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Patent Abstract
Processing of silver halide color photographic materials containing a compound releasing a specified development inhibitor
Patent number: 4818664
Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. (Kanagawa, JP)
Inventors: Shinji Ueda (Minami-ashigara, JP), Keiji Mihayashi (Minami-ashigara, JP), Seiji Ichijima (Minami-ashigara, JP)

A process for processing a silver halide color photographic material which comprises processing, after color development, a silver halide color photographic material with a processing solution having a bleaching faculty using an aminopolycarboxylic acid ferric complex salt as an oxidizing agent, said color photographic material comprising a support having thereon at least one light-sensitive silver halide emulsion layer and at least one compound releasing by the reaction with an oxidation product of a developing agent a group releasing or forming development inhibitor by the reaction with another molecule of an oxidation product of a developing agent.

Silver halide photographic light-sensitive materials containing compound capable of splitting of diffusible development inhibitor or precursor and silver halide grain having internal fog nucleus
Patent number: 4818670
Assignee: Konishiroku Photo Industry Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Toshihiko Yagi (Hino, JP), Hiroshi Shimazaki (Hino, JP)

A silver halide photographic material is disclosed, which has high image quality in addition to high sensitivity. The photographic material comprises a support and at least one silver halide light-sensitive emulsion layer containing a compound being capable of splitting off a diffusible development-inhibitor or a precursor thereof upon a reaction with an oxidized product of a color developing agent. At least one of the silver halide light-sensitive emulsion layer layer and a layer adjacent to the light-sensitive emulsion layer contains a silver halide emulsion comprising a silver halide grain having an internal fog nucleus.

Method for processing a silver halide color photographic material
Patent number: 4818673
Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. (Kanagawa, JP)
Inventors: Shinji Ueda (Kanagawa, JP), Kazunori Hasebe (Kanagawa, JP), Junya Nakajima (Kanagawa, JP)

A method for processing a silver halide color photographic material is disclosed, which comprises processing an imagewise exposed silver halide color photographic material comprising a support having thereon at least one silver halide emulsion layer comprising silver chloride or silver chlorobromide containing at least 80 mol % of silver chloride with a color developing solution and thereafter processing the material with a bleach-fixing solution, wherein the bleach-fixing solution contains a ferric complex salt of an organic acid and from about 1.times.10.sup.-2 to about 2 mol of bromide ions and/or from about 5.times.10.sup.-4 to about 5.times.10.sup.-2 mol of iodide ions per liter. The method for processing a silver halide color photographic material according to the present invention is excellent in desilvering ability, and enables rapid processing to be conducted.

Particulate polypropylene waxes for dye-donor element used in thermal dye transfer
Patent number: 4853367
Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company (Rochester, NY)
Inventors: Richard P. Henzel (Webster, NY), Noel R. Vanier (Rochester, NY), George B. Bodem (Pittsford, NY)

A dye-donor element for thermal dye transfer comprising a support having thereon a dye layer comprising a dye dispersed in a polymeric binder, the dye layer also containing at least one particulate polypropylene wax having an average particle size less than about 30 .mu.m and having a melting point above about C. Use of the particulate wax minimizes various printing defects without reducing gloss.

Method and kit for diagnosing bloom's syndrome
Patent number: 4818685
Assignee: Temple University Of The Commonwealth Systems Of Higher Education (Philadelphia, PA)
Inventors: Michael A. Sirover (Richboro, PA)

A method and kit for diagnosing Bloom's syndrome are provided relying on specific monoclonal antibodies, such as ATCC HB-9311, which recognize the base excision repair pathway enzyme uracil DNA glycosylase from normal healthy individuals and individuals afflicted with genetic syndromes, but fails to recognize uracil DNA glycosylase from individuals afflicted with Bloom's Syndrome.

Immobilized Mucor miehe lipase for transesterification
Patent number: 4818695
Assignee: Novo Industri A/S (Bagsvaerd, DK)
Inventors: Peter Eigtved (Holte, DK)

Immobilized lipase is produced by mixing an aqueous lipase solution with a particulate, macroporous, weak anion exchange resin, and recovering and drying the resin having lipase immobilized thereon. The resin has a particle size such that more than 90% resin particles have a size between 100-1000 .mu.m. The immobilized lipase is used in a packed bed for continuous transesterification or solvent free fats. Preferably, the lipase is Mucor miehei lipase.

Rhizobium japonicum symbiosis gene transfer
Patent number: 4818696
Assignee: Lubrizol Genetics, Inc. (Wickliffe, OH)
Inventors: Edward R. Appelbaum (Madison, WI), Thomas J. McLoughlin (Monona, WI), Michael P. O'Connell (Bielefeld, DE)

A symbiosis plasmid from a fast-growing Rhizobium japonicum donor strain can be transferred to Rhizobium recipient strains, the recipient strains being previously incapable of forming an effective symbiotic relationship with plants of certain Glycine (e.g. soybean) varieties. The recipient strains harboring the symbiosis plasmid will form effective symbioses with soybean plants of said certain varieties, the transferred symbiosis plasmid conferring the host range or specificity of the donor strain on the recipient strains. Methods, strains, and plasmids useful for practice of this invention are also provided.

Polypeptides and preparation process thereof
Patent number: 4818698
Assignee: Toyo Jozo Co., Ltd. (Shizuoka, JP)
Inventors: Hitoshi Sagai (Mishima, JP), Masayasu Takahara (Shizuoka, JP), Shigeo Katsuragi (Shizuoka, JP), Junboku Kajiwara (Shizuoka, JP), Harumi Masujima (Shizuoka, JP)

A polypeptide represented by the following general formula (I): X.sub.1 Ala Thr Lys Ala Val X.sub.2 Val Leu Lys Gly Asp Gly Pro Val Gln Gly Ile Ile Asn Phe Glu Gln Lys Glu Ser Asn Gly Pro Val Lys Val Trp Gly Ser Ile Lys Gly Leu Thr Glu Gly Leu His Gly Phe His Val His Glu Phe Gly Asp Asn Thr Ala Gly Cys Thr Ser Ala Gly Pro His Phe Asn Pro Leu Ser Arg Lys His Gly Gly Pro Lys Asp Glu Glu Arg His Val Gly Asp Leu Gly Asn Val Thr Ala Asp Lys Asp Gly Val Ala Asp Val Ser Ile Gle Asp Ser Val Ile Ser Leu Ser Gly Asp His X.sub.3 Ile Ile Gly Arg Thr Leu Val Val His Glu Lys Ala Asp Asp Leu Gly Lys Gly Gly Asn Glu Glu Ser Thr Lys Thr Gly Asn Ala Gly Ser Arg Leu Ala Cys Gly Val Ile Gly Ile Ala Gln (I) wherein X.sub.1 means a hydrogen atom, acetyl group or amino acid residue, X.sub.2 and X.sub.3 are either the same or different and mean individually an amino acid residue, and when X.sub.2 stands for Cys, X.sub.3 denotes an amino acid residue other than Cys.

Concurrent memory access system
Patent number: 4818932
Assignee: Tektronix, Inc. (Beaverton, OR)
Inventors: Ronald P. Odenheimer (Portland, OR)

A system for providing concurrent access to an addressable memory space by a plurality of data processing devices includes a plurality of independently accessible memory banks, each memory bank providing a separate portion of the addressable memory space. A memory management unit includes address and data multiplexers corresponding to each memory bank for providing access by any selected one of the data processing devices to the corresponding memory bank and also includes circuits for controlling the multiplexers to permit different processing devices to access different memory banks at the same time while arbitrating competing demands for the same memory bank.

Water-soluble monoazo and disazo compounds containing a fibre-reactive 2-alkoxy-5-chloro-aniline diazo component and copper complexes thereof, useful as dyestuffs
Patent number: 4564672
Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft (Frankfurt, DE)
Inventors: Ludwig Schlafer (Kelkheim, DE)

New water-soluble azo compounds which have the general formula (1) ##STR1## in which K is the radical of a water-soluble coupling component which can couple at one or two positions in the molecule and which belongs to the series comprising aminobenzenes, phenols, naphthols, aminonaphthols, acylaminonaphthols, dihydroxynaphthalenesulfonic acids, phenylazoaminonaphtholsulfonic and naphthylazoaminonaphtholsulfonic acids, 5-pyrazolones and 5-aminopyrazoles and 2-hydroxy-6-pyridones, R represents an alkoxy group of 1 to 4 C-atoms and X a group of the formula --SO.sub.2 --CH.dbd.CH.sub.2 or --SO.sub.2 --CH.sub.2 --CH.sub.2 --Z in which Z is a group which can be eliminated under alkaline conditions, furthermore, the copper complex compounds of the above-mentioned metal-free compounds of the general formula (1). The novel metal-free compounds as well as the copper complex compounds have valuable dyestuff properties and are particularly suitable as fiber-reactive dyestuffs for dyeing and printing materials containing hydroxy or carbonamide groups, preferably fiber materials. The compounds of the invention produce deep dyeings which have very good fastness to nitrogen oxide and excellent fastness to wet processing such as fastness to boiling with sodium carbonate, fastness to washing at to C. and/or with peroxides, fastness to alkaline and acid perspiration, to water (under severe conditions), to alkalis and acids such as tartaric acid, to cross-dyeing, to bleaching with hypochlorite and to chlorinated water. The copper-complex compounds yield dyeings which are especially fast to light.

Silicon nitride sintered bodies and a method of producing the same
Patent number: 4818733
Assignee: Ngk Insulators, Ltd. (Nagoya, JP)
Inventors: Masahiro Shirai (Nagoya, JP), Tomonori Takahashi (Chita, JP)

A silicon nitride sintered body having high oxidation resistance and high-temperature strength is produced by starting from silicon nitride powder adjusted so as to have an oxygen content of 4.5-7.5 wt % as converted into SiO.sub.2. The sintered body has a molar ratio of metal ion (M) to oxygen ion (O) within a range of M:O=1.2.about.1:3 and contains no crystal of YSiO.sub.2 N form.

Ureidoalkanoylaminocarbonyl amino and imino acids and esters
Patent number: 4818757
Assignee: E. R. Squibb & Sons, Inc. (Princeton, NJ)
Inventors: Harold N. Weller, III (Pennington, NJ), Eric M. Gordon (Pennington, NJ)

Compounds of the formula ##STR1## are disclosed. These compounds are useful as hypotensive agents due to their angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition activity and depending upon the definition of X may also be useful as analgesics due to their enkephalinase inhibition activity.

Prevention of a plant disease by specific inhibition of fungal polyamine biosynthesis
Patent number: 4818770
Assignee: Boyce Thompson Institute For Plant Research (Ithaca, NY), Yale University (New Haven, CT)
Inventors: Leonard H. Weinstein (Ithaca, NY), Arthur W. Galston (Ithaca, NY)

DL-alpha-Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), an inhibitor of the polyamine biosynthetic enzyme ornithine decarboxylase (ODCase; EC, strongly retards the growth of several species of phytopathogenic fungi in vitro. Such inhibition can be completely reversed by putrescine or spermidine, confirming the essentiality of polyamines for growth of fungal hyphae. We now have discovered that DFMO can protect a range of plants against a wide range of fungi. For example, DFMO can protect bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris Linnaeus cv. Pinto) against infection by uredospores of the bean rust fungus, Uromyces phaseoli Linnaeus, race O. Unifoliolate leaves of 10-day-old greenhouse-grown seedlings were sprayed with 400 ul per leaf of DFMO at various concentrations in 0.01% Tween 20 at pH 7.0 before or after inoculation with uredospores of Uromyces. After 16 hr in darkness in dew chambers to facilitate spore germination, plants were transferred to the greenhouse, arranged randomly, and examined for local lesions 7 days later. All concentrations of DFMO 0.50 mM or higher gave complete protection against the pathogen; at lower concentrations, postinoculation treatments with DFMO were generally more effective than preinoculation. The appearance of lesions on plants treated with lower concentration of DFMO was retarded 2-6 days. DFMO also confered protection on unsprayed parts of treated plants, indicating the translocation of some protective effect from sprayed areas. DL-alpha-Difluoromethylarginine, an analogous inhibitor of arginine decarboxylase (ADCase; EC, which is the rate-limiting enzyme in an alternative pathway for polyamine biosynthesis in higher plants, confers little protection even at 5mM. This emphasizes ornithine decarboxylase as the biochemical locus of choice for the prevention of plant diseases by inhibiting polyamine metabolism. DFMO has also been shown to be an effective synthetic fungicide for the following: protects tomato plants against Verticillium wilt fungus; protects wheat against stem rust fungus; protects wheat against powdery mildew fungus; protects Tendergreen bean plants against powdery mildew fungus; protects the MacIntosh apple leaf against the powdery mildew fungus; protects Ogle oats against leaf rust fungus; and protects corn against the corn rust fungus.

Derivatives of 4-aminoethoxy-5-isopropyl-2-methylbenzenes: methods of synthesis and utilization as medicines
Patent number: 4818772
Assignee: Societe Cortial S.A. (Paris, FR)
Inventors: Henri Pontagnier (Pessac, FR), Christian Courtiol (Pessac, FR), Marie-Helene Creuzet (Bourdeaux, FR), Claude Feniou (Pessac, FR), Gisele Prat (Talence, FR)

A compound with alpha 1-blocking activity having the formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is --H, --CH.sub.3 or --COCH.sub.3 ; R.sub.2 is --H or CH.sub.3 ; and R.sub.3 is ##STR2## wherein .SIGMA. is --H or one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, --OH and --OCH.sub.3 ; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Linear N,N'-tetrasubstituted diamines and process for their preparation
Patent number: 4564707
Assignee: Petrolite Corporation (St. Louis, MO)
Inventors: Bernardus A. Oude Alink (St. Louis, MO)

This invention relates to the following compounds: ##STR1## Process for their preparation and uses thereof, where R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are substituted groups, and R.sub.6, R.sub.5, R.sub.4 and R.sub.3 are hydrogen or substituted groups.

Organophosphorus compounds
Patent number: 4818774
Assignee: Occidental Chemical Corporation (Niagara Falls, NY)
Inventors: Kenneth M. Kem (Emmaus, PA)

Polyvalent cations (e.g., U(IV), Fe(III) can be extracted from aqueous solution using novel organophosphorus compounds of the formulas: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are the same or different and are selected from alkyl, alkoxyl, alkylaryl and alkylaryloxy groups having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms or hydroxyl; R.sup.3 is independently selected from substituted and unsubstituted alkyl and alkylaryl groups having 1 to about 18 carbon atoms or hydrogen; R.sup.4 is independently selected from alkyl and alkylaryl groups having 1 to about 18 carbon atoms; provided that the sum of the carbon atoms of the R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 groups is at least 15; and R.sup.5 is independently selected from substituted and unsubstituted alkyl and alkylaryl groups having 1 to about 18 carbon atoms or a polymeric group; provided that the sum of the carbon atoms of the R.sup.1, R.sup.2 and R.sup.5 groups is at least 16.

Photocopolymerizable compositions based on epoxy and hydroxyl-containing organic materials having primary hydroxyl content
Patent number: 4818776
Assignee: Union Carbide Corporation (Danbury, CT)
Inventors: Joseph V. Koleske (Charleston, WV)

This invention is directed to photocopolymerizable compositions comprising an epoxide containing two or more epoxy groups, a poly (active hydrogen) organic compound having at least some primary hydroxyl content and a photoinitiator. The cured coating compositions exhibit fast cure rates, good water resistance and can have utility as automotive finishes, can finishes, appliance finishes, general metal finishes, printing inks, adhesives and the like.

Process for producing polyvinyl ester having a high degree of polymerization and process for producing polyvinyl alcohol having a high degree of polymerization
Patent number: 4818788
Assignee: Kuraray Co., Ltd. (Kurashiki, JP)
Inventors: Toshiaki Sato (Nishinomiya, JP), Ken Yuki (Kurashiki, JP), Junnosuke Yamauchi (Kurashiki, JP), Takuji Okaya (Nagaokakyo, JP)

Disclosed herein is a new process for producing polyvinyl ester having a high degree of polymerization having an intrinsic viscosity not less than 1.5 dl/g, preferably not less than 2.2 dl/g, and most preferably higher than 3.2 dl/g, said process comprising subjecting vinyl ester monomer to low-temperature emulsion polymerization under specific conditions. Disclosed also herein is a new process for producing polyvinyl alcohol having a high degree of polymerization having an intrinsic viscosity not less than 1.5 dl/g, preferably not less than 2.2 dl/g, and most preferably higher than 3.2 dl/g, said process comprising saponifying in the usual way the polyvinyl ester obtained by low-temperature emulsion polymerization under specific conditions.

Liquid-crystalline polymer
Patent number: 4818807
Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Kazuharu Morita (Sodegaura, JP), Shunji Uchida (Sodegaura, JP), Satoshi Hachiya (Sodegaura, JP)

A liquid-crystalline polymer comprising repeating units of the following general formula ##STR1## wherein: R.sup.1 is --H, --CH.sub.3 or --C.sub.2 H.sub.5, 1 is an integer having a value of 1 to 20, k is an integer having a value of 1 to 30, A is --O-- (oxygen) or --COO--, m is 0 or 1, and R.sup.2 is ##STR2## wherein Y is --COO-- or --OCO--, and R.sup.3 is --COOR.sup.4, --OCOR.sup.4, --OR.sup.4, --COR.sup.4 or --R.sup.4 where R.sup.4 is ##STR3## R.sup.5 being --CH.sub.3, --CN or a halogen radical, n and p being independently an integer having a value of 0 to 10 with the proviso that if R.sup.5 is --CH.sub.3, p is not 0, X being a halogen radical, q being 0 or 1, and C* being an asymmetric carbon atom. The liquid-crystalline polymer not only exhibits liquid-crystalline properties and transfers to ferroelectric chiral smectic C phase at temperatures of a wide range including the vicinity of room temperature but also has a high speed in responding to external factors enabling to display motion pictures, and can be advantageously used as display elements of large size screens and curved screens.

Method of high-speed magnetic resonance imaging employing continuous wave readout gradient
Patent number: 4818942
Assignee: Advanced Nmr Systems, Inc. (Woburn, MA)
Inventors: Richard R. Rzedzian (Lexington, MA)

A method of high-speed magnetic resonance imaging in which the object to be imaged is placed in a high static magnetic field. Nuclear spins are excited in an image area in a selected plane of the object by superimposing a slice-selection gradient along an axis and applying a pulse of radio frequency magnetic field. Following an encoding pulse sequence and rephasing of the nuclear spins by the application of a radio frequency pulse, mutually orthogonal phase-encoding and readout gradients are alternately applied in the image plane to effect a traversal through spatial frequency domain (k-space). In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the readout gradient is applied as a continuous sinusoidal wave, resulting in a slight overlap between the phase-encoding and readout gradients. If phase errors vary slowly in time, only a partial k-space trajectory is required. Chemical shift is eliminated either by the application of a suppression pulse of RF field or by tailoring the frequency spectrum of the rephasing pulse so as to preclude rephasing of one or other of the chemical moieties.

Television monitor field shifter and an opto-electronic method for obtaining a stereo image of optimal depth resolution and reduced depth distortion on a single screen
Patent number: 4819064
Assignee: The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The (Washington, DC)
Inventors: Daniel B. Diner (Altadena, CA)

A method and apparatus for obtaining a stereo image with reduced depth distortion and optimum depth resolution. Static and dynamic depth distortion and depth resolution trade-off is provided. Cameras obtaining the images for a stereo view are converged at a convergence point behind the object to be presented in the image, and (a) the collection-surface-to-object distance, (b) the camera separation distance, and (c) the focal lengths of zoom lenses for the cameras are all increased. Doubling the distances cuts the static depth distortion in half while maintaining image size and depth resolution. Dynamic depth distortion is minimized by panning a stereo view-collecting camera system about a circle which passes through the convergence point and the cameras' first nodal points. Horizontal field shifting of the television fields on a television monitor brings both the monitor and the stereo views within the viewer's limit of binocular fusion.

Digital signal reproducing apparatus
Patent number: 4819090
Assignee: Victor Company Of Japan (Kanagawa, JP)
Inventors: Kazuo Hikawa (Mitaka, JP)

A digital signal reproducing apparatus comprises a block address counter which is reset immediately before reproduction of a subcode region on a magnetic tape and a PCM data region to start a counting operation therefrom, and the counting operation of the block address counter is stopped when each of the subcode region and the PCM data region ends, so that the reproduced block address can be written into a random access memory while correcting the block address without the need of a decoding circuit.

Patent number: 4819151
Assignee: Inmos Limited (Bristol, GB)
Inventors: Michael D. May (Bristol, GB)

A microcomputer comprising memory and processor is arranged to execute a plurality of concurrent processes and share its time between them. The microcomputer includes means for indicating a current process as well as a collection of processes awaiting execution. Processes may be added to the collection. Next process indicating means is provided to indicate the next process to be executed. Synchronization means is provided to synchronize communication between concurrent processes on the same microcomputer or interconnected microcomputers. The synchronization means may schedule a process by adding it to the collection or terminating execution of the current process.

Microprocessor with an interruptable bus cycle
Patent number: 4819158
Assignee: Fujitsu Limited (Kanagawa, JP)
Inventors: Takumi Miyashita (Tokyo, JP)

In a semiconductor integrated circuit, an internal logic circuit outputs information for an external bus via buffer circuits. The output of the buffer circuit is placed in a high impedance state by responding to a control signal, and the information which is output from the internal logic circuit to the buffer circuits is held in the bus cycle during which the control signal is input. In the response to a release of the control signal by the input of the control signal, the interrupted bus cycle is released, and the information stored is output via the buffer circuit to the external bus.

Method of automatic generation of a computer for numerical simulation of physical phenomenon
Patent number: 4819161
Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd. (Tokyo, JP), Hitachi Vlsi Eng. Corp. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Chisato Konno (Inagi, JP), Yukio Umetani (Hachioji, JP), Hiroyuki Hirayama (Fuchu, JP), Tadashi Ohta (Higashimurayama, JP)

The partial differential equations inputted with respect to an unknown quantity A are processed according to the finite element method in which simultaneous first-order equations equivalent to the partial differential equations are obtained, and then a matrix equation equivalent to the simultaneous first-order equations, namely, (k.sub.ij) (a.sub.i)=(d.sub.i) is processed to derive a coefficient {a.sub.j } so as to generate a program which calculates the unknown quantity A. For each group of a plurality of elements, the program calculates a contribution determined by the positions of the nodes associated with the elements with respect to a portion of matrix element group such as k.sub.lm and k.sub.ll and a portion of constant group such as d.sub.l and d.sub.m determined by the numbers assigned to a plurality of nodes contained in the group of a plurality of elements and then generates the final values of the matrix element group {k.sub.ij } and the constant {d.sub.i } from the contribution calculated for each group of a plurality of elements.

Train control having improved wheel wear adjustment for more accurate train operation
Patent number: 4819168
Assignee: Aeg Westinghouse Transportation Systems, Inc. (Pittsburgh, PA)
Inventors: Paul S. Laskey (Baldwin Boro, PA)

A microprocessor control system is provided for a steel wheel vehicle having at least two propulsion/braking units. Each unit operates a truck having a pair of axles each with two steel wheels. A propulsion/braking control includes a microprocessor that applies current commands to respective chopper controls that operate the axle motor drives. Braking command signals operate the associated braking system to apply dynamic and/or friction braking in the braking mode.

Aircraft fuel loading management system
Patent number: 4819183
Assignee: Ametek, Inc. (New York, NY)
Inventors: Edward M. O'Brien (Holland, PA), Donald R. Otto (Trenton, NJ)

A computer-controlled aircraft fuel loading management system is disclosed. The system measures fuel loading volumetrically using flow meter devices and gravimetrically using information relating to the density (specific gravity) of the fuel being loaded entered prior to a fuel loading operation, changes in the temperature of the fuel being loaded and stored information relating to the densities (specific gravities) of a number of fuels and changes thereto with temperature which are derived from American Petroleum Institute information. The system automatically computes and displays the distribution of fuel by tank from stored aircraft tank and fuel load distribution information derived from aircraft manufacturer information. The system also converts a total fuel volume as measured by the system to a standardized fuel volume normalized to a given temperature, for example F.

Method and apparatus for drawing wide lines in a raster graphics display system
Patent number: 4819185
Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation (Armonk, NY)
Inventors: James Corona (Kingston, NY), Yoshio Iida (Lake Katrine, NY)

A technique for efficiently drawing wide lines in a graphics display system by method and apparatus which includes identifying a wide line to be drawn; drawing a first line of pixels of a wide line; determining if a next line in the wide line has a different first coordinate value from a first coordinate value of the first line; generating at least one additional pixel value for the next line if the first coordinate value of the next line is different from the first coordinate value of an immediately previously drawn line; repeating the steps until the wide line has been completely drawn.

Electronic calendaring method to establish calendar floating triggers for calendared events and processes
Patent number: 4819191
Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation (Armonk, NY)
Inventors: Keith J. Scully (Austin, TX), Harinder S. Singh (Boca Raton, FL)

An electronic calendaring method for use in a data processing system has a plurality of workstations, each of which is assigned to a different individual who maintains an electronic calendar on the system. The method establishes a plurality of data structures for storing data that is entered into the system interactively by the calendar owner during the process of calendaring an event which involves a number of other calendar owners e.g. a meeting. A Trigger data structured is included to store data at the time an event is being calandered that provides a reminder to the meeting originator or calendar owner. The type of reminder may be selected by the meeting originator provided the system hardware supports the underlying technology. The reminder may be just a visual message on the display, an audio tone, an audio message or any combination. The official ID of the event that is to be triggered is included in the Trigger data structure. The method allows the Trigger to "float" with the identified event so that the Trigger established by the meeting originator may be automatically employed by the other calendar owners who received a notice on the system inviting them to the meeting. If the meeting is changed or cancelled, the other invitees' triggers are changed automatically as is the originators' merely by changing the meeting notice. The method also permits a calendar owner to start a process (application program) that can be run on the system by use of the Trigger data structure.

Method of displaying image
Patent number: 4819192
Assignee: Sony Corporation (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Tetsuzo Kuragano (Kanagawa, JP), Atsushi Kikuchi (Kanagawa, JP)

A method of displaying graphic image surface information data of an object lying within a three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional display screen when seen from a predetermined observing point is disclosed. A patch of the surface of an object is separated into plural triangular units, and image information data (luminance, visible-nonvisible, and distance) are all represented at the three apexes of each triangular unit area which includes a number of display pixels. The positional data at the three apexes are transformed from three- to two-dimensional space. The other image information data are calculated in accordance with interpolation calculation. Prior to the interpolation calculation a display area is determined and a triangular area including pixels to be processed is determined to reduce the processing time. This process is repeated for the entire surface to be displayed.

Digital-based phase control system
Patent number: 4819196
Assignee: Ampex Corporation (Redwood City, CA)
Inventors: Martin A. Lilley (Fremont, CA), Jan S. Wesolowski (Redwood City, CA)

A system and method for controlling the phase of an output signal relative to the phase of a reference signal are described. A function generator receives a phase control input signal and generates a predetermined periodic waveform having a selected phase displacement with respect to the phase control input signal. A desired phase displacement of the generated waveform is provided in a digital manner by selecting and storing a set of digital values representing samples of the phase displaced waveform. The phase displaced waveform is generated from the set of stored digital sample values.

Framing timing detection circuit for a character code broadcasting system
Patent number: 4819231
Assignee: Nippon Hoso Kyokai (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Osamu Yamada (Tokyo, JP)

A random multi-error correcting code having a maximum length block in a packet, for instance a majority logic decodable (272, 190) shortened difference set cyclic code, is used for error correction in a character code broadcasting system. The error correcting ability of this code is increased. The correction is made by decreasing a threshold value, so that the error correcting ability is improved. A framing timing extraction circuit and a phase lock circuit for the framing timing are eliminated, so that the amount of hardware needed is reduced. Preferably, the error correcting code is superposed on the television signal during the vertical blanking period.

Nitrogen containing derivatives of epipodophyllotoxin glucosides
Patent number: 4853467
Assignee: Bristol Myers Company (New York, NY)
Inventors: Dolatrai M. Vyas (Madison, CT), Mark G. Saulnier (Middletown, CT), John F. Kadow (New Haven, CT)

There are provided novel nitrogen containing derivatives of epipodophyllotoxin glucoside derivatives. The novel compounds of the present invention are useful as tumor inhibiting agents.

Operating system debugger
Patent number: 4819234
Assignee: Prime Computer, Inc. (Natick, MA)
Inventors: William S. Huber (Needham, MA)

The invention is a debugger which is part of the operating system of a multi-programmable digital data processor with virtual memory. The debugger can identify and correct faults in an embedded operating system of a multi-programmable digital data processor having hardware-controlled process exchange. The debugger is capable of suspending and effectively restarting processes in a primary or second central processing unit, as well as selectively accessing, reading, and/or modifying data at real or virtual memory locations. Further, the debugger can look ahead, using a next instruction prediction function, and determine the location of the next-to-be executed instruction. The debugger can then replace the previous breakpoint with the instruction the break point had originally replaced, and put the breakpoint after the next-to-be executed instruction. The debugger is also capable of simulating the local execution of a replaced instruction and restarting suspended processes. In this way the debugger can be used in single-step fashion to cause process suspension after every instruction in a sequence of code.

Public telephone set
Patent number: 4819261
Assignee: Tamura Electric Works (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Yoshiaki Takeda (Tokyo, JP), Kazuo Asada (Tokyo, JP), Shigehiro Eda (Tokyo, JP)

A public telephone set includes a communication enabling unit, a signal detector, a timer, and a CPU. The communication enabling unit enables incoming communication upon formation of a DC loop based on an incoming call. The signal detector detects a protocol signal from a maintenance center or a service center via the office line. The timer is started upon formation of the DC loop. The CPU instructs to send out alarm information to the maintenance or the service center via the office line when the signal detector generates a detection output during an operation of the timer.

Electronic gating control for manual telephone switchboard
Patent number: 4819262
Assignee: Guardian Telecommunications Systems, Inc./Vasa Engineering (Fairfax, VA)
Inventors: Donald Brittain (Fairfax, VA), Germain Boutin (Edina, MN)

A gating circuit for operation in conjunction with a manual cord telephone switchboard to service multiple operational modes of a subscriber telephone connected for telephone communication to a central office. In one mode, an internal intercom connection is established between the subscriber telephone and the switchboard. In a second mode a secretarial service connection is established allowing direct communication between the switchboard and the central office. A ring detection circuit detects when the subscriber telephone has been rung from the central office.

Adaptive control system for hydraulic press brake
Patent number: 4819467
Assignee: Cincinnati Incorporated (Cincinnati, OH)
Inventors: Raymond J. Graf (Cincinnati, OH), Scott D. Tucker (Cincinnati, OH)

A computer-based control for a press brake of the type having a ram for bending a sheet metal workpiece to a desired bend angle. The control incorporates a teach mode which collects ram force and position data during the bending of one or more test workpieces and calculates from the force and position data parameters representative of the ram reversal position necessary to produce the desired bend angle. The control also incorporates a bend mode for bending a production workpiece to the desired bend angle wherein force and position data is collected during the bending of the production workpiece and is used in conjunction with the parameters calculated during the bending of the test workpieces during the teach mode to calculate the exact position of ram reversal necessary to produce the desired bend angle in the production workpiece. The control also incorporates correction of the position of ram reversal to account for ram overshoot during the bend mode.

Level indicator control system for use with capacitance probes in tanks containing substances
Patent number: 4819483
Assignee: Custom Controls Co., Inc. (Broomall, PA)
Inventors: Raymond H. Emplit (Glen Mills, PA), Donald Y. Daily (Havertown, PA)

A level indicator control system including a microprocessor that controls the height and, therefore, the amount of the substance, such as fluid or granular solid, to be contained in a closed or open tank or vessel. The system provides calibrated digital or analog output that shows the extent to which the tank is filled with substance at substantially any level. A scale, in percent, each value representing the percentage of fullness of the tank, is produced after low and high limits, representing any low and high substance levels respectively, are provided to the microprocessor. The scale values are a function of the changes in capacitance between the stationary probe and the tank wall as the level of substance approaches or submerges the probe. The system finds its probe capacitance and sets its own high and low control set point limits automatically. Thereafter, the system uses the instantaneous probe capacitance and the capacitance values representing the high and low substance levels to provide the calibrated digital or analog output. For example, when the substance in the tank exceeds the high limit set point value, the control system prevents more fluid or granula solid from entering the tank.

Glass corrosion resistant cobalt-based alloy having high strength
Patent number: 4820324
Assignee: Owens Corning Fiberglas Corporation (Toledo, OH)
Inventors: David J. Gaul (Granville, OH), Dennis L. McGarry (Granville, OH)

An alloy suitable for use as a spinner in forming glass fibers is provided. The alloy has outstanding stress rupture-life and is highly resistant to the erosion and corrosion of molten glass. The alloy is a cobalt-based alloy and further includes the following in approximate percent by weight, Carbon 0.5 to 1.0; Silicon 0.01 to 0.15; Chromium 30 to 40; Nickel 5 to 15; Tungsten (Wolfram) 4 to 7; Yttrium 0.5 to 1.5; Tantalum 2 to 5; Boron 0.005 to 0.04; Zirconium 0.1 to 0.4. The alloy typically will include the following as impurities, the amounts indicated being in percent by weight unless otherwise set forth: Aluminum 0 to 0.2%; Titanium 0 to 0.2%; Manganese 0 to 0.01%; Iron 0 to 1%; Phosphorous 0 to 0.005%; Molybdenum 0 to 0.10%; Sulfur 0 to 0.005%; Bismuth 0 to 0.5 ppm; Lead 0 to 5.0 ppm; Selenium 0 to 5.0 ppm; Silver 0 to 50 ppm; Nitrogen (N.sub.2) 0 to 150 ppm; Oxygen (O.sub.2) 0 to 50 ppm.

Method and apparatus for preventing troublesome load change shocks caused by a combustion engine
Patent number: 4819598
Assignee: Volkswagen Ag (Wolfsburg, DE)
Inventors: Eckart Mueller (Gifhorn, DE)

A method and apparatus for preventing troublesome load change shocks caused by a combustion engine having a time delay in the transmission of the accelerator pedal commands to the output control element. In order to exclude undesirable influences on operation due to the time delay, the time delay is limited to a very narrow region around the location zero of the torque gradient in relation to time.

Blood constituent measuring device and method
Patent number: 4819752
Assignee: Datascope Corp. (Paramus, NJ)
Inventors: Michael P. Zelin (Plainsboro, NJ)

A blood constituent measuring apparatus and method, which can be used to measure the oxygen (or other blood constituent) content of the blood. The apparatus includes sources of two or more wavelengths of light for transmitting, e.g., red and infrared light through a portion of the body, and a photodetector for generating respective signals representing each wavelength of light transmitted through the body portion. The photodetector signals have pulsatile and non-pulsatile components. The oxygen content of the blood is computed based on the light transmitted through the body portion at each wavelength, as determined from the pulsatile component, amplified alone after the much larger non-pulsatile component is subtracted from it. The apparatus can compute the oxygen content of patients with weak pulses, or unstable physiological states, or both, by using, preferably, a plurality of independently settable gains, to maintain the signal level within a range suitable for accurate measurement. In addition, the apparatus preferably compensates for drift in the non-pulsatile component which can be caused when the patient's blood pressure, for example, becomes erratic, thereby increasing the accuracy of its computation of the oxygen content of the blood. To the extent possible, the signals produced for the different wavelengths are time-multiplexed onto a single channel. A test mode is preferably provided, in which only one wavelength of radiation is produced, resulting in a computation equal to what would be obtained in normal operation if the amounts of sensed radiation were the same for all wavelengths.

Speech processing apparatus and methods
Patent number: 4820059
Assignee: Central Institute For The Deaf (St. Louis, MO)
Inventors: James D. Miller (St. Louis, MO), Hisao M. Chang (Stamford, CT)

Speech processing apparatus and methods utilizing a circuit for electronically deriving from speech over time a series of coordinate values representing positions of points on a path in a mathematical space which path positions represent the speech. An electronic memory prestores phonetic representations in correspondence with indicia of a glide in the path which indicia represent a nucleus in the space at which the glide begins and a range of directions of offglide on the path from the nucleus. A trajectory parameter is electronically computed from the series of coordinate values. When both the trajectory parameter satisfies a predetermined condition for significance and a coordinate value currently reached by the speech is within a predetermined region of such values, a signal is produced. The speech on the path is electronically analyzed in response to the signal for occurrence of a position in the nucleus and an offglide in said range of directions which offglide happens before another significant trajectory parameter occurs. Upon occurrence of such indicia of a glide, the phonetic representation corresponding to the glide indicia is obtained from the electronic memory. Other apparatus and methods for producing a segmentation index signal representing the trajectory parameter are disclosed.

Bio compatible and blood compatible materials and methods
Patent number: 4820302
Assignee: Sterling Drug Inc. (New York, NY)
Inventors: E. Aubrey Woodroof (Santa Ana, CA)

Bio- and blood compatible materials are prepared by treating the surface of a substrate to provide reactive primary or secondary amine groups sites which are activated by treatment with a dialdehyde or arylchloride for coupling to a biological in an amount sufficient to provide compatibility. The use of specific substrates, such as a compliant, and elastic material, such as a fabric-elastomer membrane matrix, results in a product having advantageous qualities as a thermal burn dressing, breast prostheses and implants. Detailed procedures and various products are described.

Removal of organic compounds from gas streams using carbon molecular sieves
Patent number: 4820318
Assignee: Allied Signal Inc. (Morristown, NJ)
Inventors: Chin-Hsiung Chang (Palatine, IL), Gary J. Seminara (Chicago, IL)

Volatile organic compounds such as ketones and fluorocarbons are removed from vapor streams by contacting the vapor stream with a bed of an adsorbent comprising a binderless carbon molecular sieve. The carbon molecular sieves are characterized by their method of manufacture which includes forming a polymer from oxygen-free precursors and carbonizing directly to the finished sieve material in the absence of oxygen.

Method for producing solarization-stable ultraviolet filter glasses for the 280-500 nm transmission range
Patent number: 4820326
Assignee: Schott Glaswerke (Mainz, DE)
Inventors: Burkhard Speit (Mainz, DE)

Alkali silicate glasses, pigmented with Co.sup.2+ or with Co.sup.2+ and Ni.sup.2+, and having the composition: SiO.sub.2 : 52-71% by weight PbO: 2.9-16.8% by weight SnO.sub.2 : 0.1-1.65% by weight Na.sub.2 O: 6.7-16.7% by weight K.sub.2 O: 0.5-9.9% by weight Na.sub.2 O+K.sub.2 O: 13.3-18.3% by weight NiO+CoO: 0.1-4.4% by weight As.sub.2 O.sub.3 +Sb.sub.2 O.sub.3 : 0.05-0.5% by weight .SIGMA.RO: 0-8.6% by weight B.sub.2 O.sub.3 : 0-8.5% by weight Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 : 0-0.55% by weight ZnO: 0-10.5% by weight, in which R is Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba or a combination thereof, are disclosed. The alkali silicate glasses of the invention are useful as optical filter glasses.

1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide compound and a herbicidal composition containing the same
Patent number: 4820334
Assignee: Kureha Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Takafumi Shida (Iwaki, JP), Shiro Yamazaki (Iwaki, JP), Hiroyasu Shinkawa (Iwaki, JP)

A 1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide compound represented by the formula (I): ##STR1## wherein R represents a straight-chain or branched-chain saturated (C.sub.2 -C.sub.10)alkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine atom(s); a cyclic saturated (C.sub.3 -C.sub.10)alkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine atom(s); a straight-chain, branched-chain or cyclic unsaturated (C.sub.3 -C.sub.10)-alkyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine atom(s); a group represented by the formula (II): ##STR2## wherein R.sup.1 represents a halogen atom, a (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3)alkyl group, a (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3)alkoxy group or a fluorine-substituted (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3)alkyl group, m is an integer of from 0 to 5 and n is 0 or 1; a straight-chain or branched-chain saturated (C.sub.1 -C.sub.8)alkoxy(C.sub.2 14 C.sub.10)alkyl group; a straight-chain or branched-chain unsaturated (C.sub.1 -C.sub.8)alkoxy(C.sub.2 -C.sub.10)alkyl group; a phenoxy(C.sub.2 -C.sub.6)alkyl group; an aralkoxy(C.sub.2 1-C.sub.6)alkyl group; a phenoxy(C.sub.2 -C.sub.6)alkyl group having phenyl group(s) substituted by halogen atom(s) or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3)alkyl group(s); an aralkoxy(C.sub.2 -C.sub.6)alkyl group having phenyl group(s) substituted by halogen atom(s) or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3)alkyl group(s); a [(C.sub.1 -C.sub.8)alkoxy(C.sub.2 -C.sub.10)alkoxy](C.sub.2 -C.sub.10)alkyl group; or a group represented by the formula (III): ##STR3## wherein p is an integer of from 1 to 8, a process for producing the same compound, and a herbicidal composition containing the 1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide compound as an active ingredient.

Liquid-dispensing pouch
Patent number: 4820435
Assignee: E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company (Wilmington, DE)
Inventors: Dimitri P. Zafiroglu (Wilmington, DE)

A liquid-dispensing pouch is provided that has a nonwoven wall which permits repeated releases of the liquid from within the pouch when the wall is wetted on its outer surface with a solvent for the liquid, but prevents seepage of the liquid from within the pouch when the outer surface of the wall is dry.

Preservative composition
Patent number: 4820442
Assignee: Freund Industrial Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Shimesu Motoyama (Tokyo, JP), Shigeru Ohno (Tokyo, JP), Seiichi Umeda (Tokyo, JP)

Disclosed is a preservative composition for foodstuffs and the like, which is comprised of (i) a metal powder or a granulated product thereof, (ii) an oxidation accelerator for the metal, (iii) polyallylamine, and (iv) an optional ethanol vapor-generating member. The polyallylamine is preferably deodorized by loading a solution of polyallylamine or a salt thereof on a carrier, and heating and drying the polyallylamine-loaded carrier.

4'optically active alkoxy-4-alkoxy carbonyloxy-bipheneyl and mixtures thereof
Patent number: 4820444
Assignee: Chisso Corporation (Osaka, JP)
Inventors: Takashi Inukai (Yokohamashi, JP), Kenji Furukawa (Yokosukashi, JP), Kanetsugu Terashima (both Yokohamshi, JP), Shinichi Saito (both Yokohamshi, JP)

Novel ferroelectric liquid crystalline compounds having a superior stability and chiral, smectic liquid crystalline compositions containing at least one kind of the same are provided, which compounds are expressed by the formula ##STR1## wherein R is a C.sub.4 -C.sub.9 alkyl group.

Low alloy steel having good stress corrosion cracking resistance
Patent number: 4820486
Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe, JP)
Inventors: Kazutoshi Shimogori (Kobe, JP), Kazuo Fujiwara (Kobe, JP), Kiyoshi Sugie (Akashi, JP), Kikuo Morita (Kakogawa, JP), Takenori Nakayama (Kobe, JP), Mutsuhiro Miyakawa (Kakogawa, JP), Yasushi Torii (Kakogawa, JP)

The present invention relates to low alloy steel and specifically to nickel-chrome-molybdenum steel. A low alloy steel having excellent stress corrosion cracking resistance containing C:.ltoreq.0.40%, Si:.ltoreq.0.15%, Mn:.ltoreq.0.20%, P:.ltoreq.0.010%, S:.ltoreq.0.030%, Ni: 0.50 to 4.00%, Cr: 0.50 to 2.50%, Mo: 0.25 to 4.00% and V:.ltoreq.0.30%, said Si, Mn and P being fulfilled with relationship of Si+Mn+20P.ltoreq.0.30%, the remainder comprising Fe and unavoidable impurities, the prior austenite crystal grain size being in excess of 4 of ASTM crystal grain size number.

Skin protective composition
Patent number: 4820508
Assignee: Neutrogena Corporation (Los Angeles, CA)
Inventors: Mitchell S. Wortzman (Los Angeles, CA)

A skin protective composition for topical application to mammalian skin for protection from infrared radiation containing titanium dioxide and mica or coated mica as its principal active reagents.

Hair care and aftertreatment preparations
Patent number: 4820511
Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien (Duesseldorf, DE)
Inventors: Horst Hoeffkes (Duesseldorf, DE), Fritz Lange (Essen, DE), Karl Giede (Hilden, DE)

Cosmetic compositions for hair care and aftertreatment include a surface-active quaternary ammonium compound of the following formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are C.sub.8 -C.sub.22 -alkyl; R.sup.3 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl, benzyl, or --(C.sub.n H.sub.2n O)z; n is 2 or 3; x, y, and z are 1-20; and A is an anion; as hair revitalizing agents with particularly good emulsifying properties. In one embodiment, the compositions are in the form of oil-in-water emulsions useful as hair rinses and contain from 0.1 to 5% by weight of the quaternary ammonium compound and from 0.2 to 10% by weight of a water-insoluble oil or fatty component, especially a C.sub.12 -C.sub.18 fatty alcohol, a mono- and/or diglyceride of a C.sub.12 -C.sub.18 fatty acid, or a paraffin wax.

Sustained absorption pharmaceutical composition
Patent number: 4820521
Assignee: Eland Corporation P.L.C. (Athlone, IE)
Inventors: Donald E. Panoz (Athlone, IE), Edward J. Geoghegan (Athlone, IE)

A sustained absorption theophylline-containing pellet for oral administration comprises a core of theophylline or a pharmacological equivalent thereof and an organic acid embedded in a polymeric material in a multi-layer arrangement and an outer membrane which permits release of the theophylline at a controlled rate in an aqueous medium. The pellet has a dissolution rate in vitro in an aqueous medium, which when measured in a basket assembly according to U.S. Pharmacopoeia XX at C. and 75 r.p.m., is not more than 15% of the total theophylline after 2 hours of measurement in a buffer solution at pH 7.5. Not more than 35% of the total theophylline is released after a total of 7 hours of measurement and not more than 65% of the total theophylline is released after a total of 13 hours.

Oral sustained release acetaminophen formulation and process
Patent number: 4820522
Assignee: Mc Neilab, Inc. (Spring House, PA)
Inventors: Galen W. Radebaugh (Maple Glen, PA), John L. Murtha (Holland, PA), Robert Glinecke (Glenside, PA)

An acetaminophen-sustained release tablet or tablet layer is formed by making a wet granulation, using Povidone (PVP) in water or alcohol-water as the granulating fluid which is mixed with acetaminophen, hydroxyethyl cellulose, a wicking agent e.g. microcrystalline cellulose, then drying and milling the granulation and blending with dry powdered erosion promoter, e.g. pregelatinized starch, wicking agent, lubricant e.g. magnesium stearate and glidant e.g. silicon dioxide, and compressing the resultant granulation, which upon administration results in a slow release of the acetaminophen.

Pharmaceutical composition
Patent number: 4820523
Assignee: Warner Lambert Company (Morris Plains, NJ)
Inventors: Liudoslava V. Shtohryn (Budd Lake, NJ), David Peters (Long Valley, NJ)

Pharmaceutical composition of matter for use in the treatment of sinus, allergy, and cold symptoms, which comprises an effective amount of a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of phenindamine entrapped in a leachable non-toxic wax matrix in combination with at least one analgesic, decongestant, antitussive, and mixtures thereof.

Photo-curable resist resin composition for electroless plating, process for preparing a printed circuit board with the said resist resin composition and a printed circuit board having resist prepared from the said resist resin composition
Patent number: 4820549
Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Kiyoshi Ozaki (Koshigaya, JP), Atsushi Mori (Chiba, JP), Hideo Tsuda (Abiko, JP), Mineo Kawamoto (Hitachi, JP), Kanji Murakami (Mito, JP), Motoyo Wajima (Hitachi, JP)

A photo-curable resist resin composition for electroless plating comprising an epoxy resin having a viscosity of at least 150 poises at C., and at least two glycidyl ether groups in one molecule, the glycidyl ether groups being directly bonded to the aromatic ring as Component A, an oxirane ring-containing compound having a boiling point of at least C. and a molecular weight of not more than 500 as Component B, and a photo-sensitive aromatic onium salt as Component C, wherein the Component A is in an amount of 90 to 40 parts by weight per total 100 parts by weight of the Components A and B, and the Component C is in an amount of 0.1 to 5 parts by weight per total 100 parts by weight of the Components A and B, and, if any, other resin components, can produce a resist film capable of withstanding highly alkaline electroless copper plating solution at a high temperature for a long time without any decrease in the physical properties of plating films deposited even by repeated use of the electroless copper plating solution. The resist film prepared from the resist resin composition has distinguished soldering heat resistance, solvent resistance and electrical insulation.

Thermoplastic packaging film of low I.sub.10 /I.sub.2
Patent number: 4820557
Assignee: W. R. Grace & Co. Conn. (Duncan, SC)
Inventors: Thomas C. Warren (Greer, SC)

Disclosed is a high abuse-resistance film suitable for making bags and pouches. The film has at least one layer comprising a linear copolymer of ethylene and an alpha-olefin with a density of about 0.935 g/cc or less. The copolymer has a comparatively lower I.sub.10 /I.sub.2 ratio than the corresponding ethylene/alpha-olefin with the same comonomer and essentially the same density and essentially the same melt index at condition 190/2.16.

Silver halide photographic light-sensitive material suitable for rapid processing
Patent number: 4820614
Assignee: Konica Corporation (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Shun Takada (Odawara, JP), Kazuhiro Murai (Odawara, JP), Kaoru Onodera (Odawara, JP)

A silver halide photographic light sensitive material improved in suitability for rapid processing and in color forming efficiency, spectral absorption property and fastness of the cyan image is disclosed. The silver halide photographic light-sensitive material comprises a support having thereon at least one silver halide emulsion layer comprising a silver halide grain containing 90 mol % or more of silver chloride, a cyan- dye forming coupler represented by the following formula [C-1], a cyan-dye forming coupler represented by the following formula [C-2], and a non-color forming compound represented by the following formula [I]; and a compound represented by the following formula [IIa], [IIb] or [IIc]: ##STR1##

Corner development type silver halide photographic emulsions
Patent number: 4820624
Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. (Kanagawa, JP)
Inventors: Kazunori Hasebe (Kanagawa, JP), Masahiro Asami (Kanagawa, JP), Naoto Ohshima (Kanagawa, JP), Keisuke Shiba (Kanagawa, JP), Toshihiro Nishikawa (Kanagawa, JP)

A corner development type silver halide photographic emulsion is disclosed, wherein the silver halide crystals in the silver halide emulsion are cubic or tetradecahedral grains having at least substantial (100) planes and the emulsion is controlled so that at least 70% of developed silver halide crystals (grains), which are observed on applying a light exposure of 1/50 second to the emulsion under the light-exposure condition corresponding to (maximum density --minimum density).times.3/4 of the silver image in the characteristic curve of the emulsion obtained by the developer, developing under the development condition which are used for processing a photographic light-sensitive material formed by coating the emulsion on a support, and stopping the development with an aqueous solution of 5% glacial acetic acid just after the initiation of the development, are developed at the corners of the cubic or tetradecahedral crystals or at the vicinity of the corners.

Method for detecting a metal ion in an aqueous environment
Patent number: 4820647
Assignee: Biotrack, Inc. (Mountain View, CA)
Inventors: Ian Gibbons (Menlo Park, CA)

A method for detecting the presence of a metal ion in an aqueous environment, which comprises contacting a micelle-forming material, a hydrophobic or amphiphilic dye, and a hydrophobic ionophore capable of selectively binding the ion with a sample of the aqueous environment to form a mixture and measuring a change in absorbance of light by the dye. Compositions method are also disclosed.

Method and kit having layered device for detecting biological component by interference color
Patent number: 4820649
Assignee: Teijin Limited (Osaka, JP)
Inventors: Takeyuki Kawaguchi (Hachioji, JP), Takashi Shiro (Hino, JP)

A method for detecting a component of a biological system, which comprises contacting a biological component detecting device composed of a light reflecting substrate (I) substantially free from diffused reflection, a light interference layer (II) formed on the substrate (I), and a layer (III) of a substance for detecting said biological component provided at least in a region on the layer (II), with a solution presumed to contain the biological component to be detected, then forming a light-transmitting reflecting layer (IV) on its surface, and thereafter detecting the color of light interference or the brightness of the reflected light on the surface of the device.

Dielectric ceramic composition
Patent number: 4820670
Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (JP)
Inventors: Harunobu Sano (Nagaokakyo, JP), Hiroaki Ichikawa (Nagaokakyo, JP), Goro Nishioka (Nagaokakyo, JP), Yukio Sakabe (Nagaokakyo, JP)

A dielectric ceramic composition consists essentially of a main component of a SrTiO.sub.3 --PbTiO.sub.3 --Bi.sub.2 O.sub.3 --TiO.sub.2 --CaTiO.sub.3 system and secondary components of manganese oxides, at least one oxide of rare earth elements selected from the group consisting of Nd, La, Ce, Pr and Sm, and one of complex perovskite compounds expressed by the following general formula: (where A is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Pb, Sr and Ca), wherein A is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Pb, Sr and Ca), and (where A is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Pb, Sr and Ca). The main component consists essentially, by weight, of 19.5 to 42.8% of SrTiO.sub.3, 8.0 to 37.6% of PbTiO.sub.3, 4.2 to 33.9% of CaTiO.sub.3, 4.4 to 26.9% of Bi.sub.2 O.sub.3, 4.2 to 13.6% of TiO.sub.2 and 0.5 to 12% of SnO.sub.2. The contents of the secondary components per 100 parts by weight of the main component are 0.02 to 0.50 parts by weight for manganese oxide in terms of MnO.sub.2, 0.1 to 5.0 parts by weight for oxides of rare earth elements in terms of Re.sub.2 O.sub.3, and 0.1 to 5.0 parts by weight for the complex perovskite compound.

Preparation of hydrophobic carbon molecular sieves
Patent number: 4820681
Assignee: Allied Signal Inc. (Morristown, NJ)
Inventors: Chin-Hsiung Chang (Palatine, IL), Gary J. Seminara (Chicago, IL)

A method is described for producing hydrophobic carbon molecular sieves. The method does not employ a binder to form or shape previously carbonized materials. Instead, a cross-linked oxygen-free polymer is first produced. Fine particles of this polymer are then pelletized or shaped as by simple extrusion. The extruded pellets are then carbonized in an oxygen-free atmosphere to yield binderless homogeneous particles of similar shape comprised of carbon sieves.

Thermally-responsive record material
Patent number: 4820683
Assignee: Appleton Papers Inc. (Appleton, WI)
Inventors: Steven L. Vervacke (Appleton, WI), Kenneth D. Glanz (Appleton, WI)

An improved thermally-responsive record material having improved image retention is disclosed. The invention is an improved thermally-responsive record member, typically a sheet material, bearing a thermally-responsive color-forming composition comprising a chromogenic material, an acidic developer material, and a metal salt of a compound of the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sup.a is selected from --CH.dbd.CH, ##STR2## --(CH.sub.2).sub.4 --, --(CH.sub.2).sub.3 --, --(CH.sub.2).sub.3 --, --CH.sub.2 --CH.dbd.CH--, and --CH.sub.2 --wherein R.sub.1 is selected from hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, oxyalkyl, or NO.sub.2 with the proviso that the alkyl groups are of 1-5 carbons wherein M is a metal selected from Zn, Ca, Sn, Ni, Cu, Al, Co, and Mg.

Methylthioribose analogs, their preparation and use as medicinal agents and biocides
Patent number: 4820692
Assignee: State Of Oregon, Acting By And Through The Oregon State Board Of Higher University And Oregon State University (Portland, OR)
Inventors: Michael K. Riscoe (Tualatin, OR), John H. Fitchen (Portland, OR), Adolph J. Ferro (Corvallis, OR)

Compounds of the formula: ##STR1## wherein R is H, Cl, F, Br, I or R.sub.1 S--, in which R.sub.1 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 linear or branched chain alkyl or halogenated linear or branched chain alkyl, and wherein R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are the same or different and each is H-- or --OH, with the proviso that at least one of R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 is hydroxy and the further proviso that when R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are all OH, R.sub.1 is other than methyl, are useful in inhibiting the growth of MTR kinase-dependent microorganisms and parasitic protazoans. The compounds wherein R is R.sub.1 S are novel, except those wherein R.sub.1 is methyl or isobutyl when R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are all OH.

Novel bactericidal use
Patent number: 4820699
Assignee: Sandoz, Ltd. (CH)
Inventors: Walter R. Stevenson (Madison, WI), Arthur Kelman (Madison, WI)

A new use of the fungicide O-(2,6-dichloro-4-methylphenyl) O,O-dimethyl phosphorothioate for the control of bacterial infection.

Process for three-dimensional mathematical modeling of underground geologic volumes
Patent number: 4821164
Assignee: Stratamodel, Inc. (Houston, TX)
Inventors: Donald C. Swanson (Houston, TX)

A process for modeling a bounded volume having a given geologic stratigraphic pattern, other than a volume having layers of uniform thickness parallel to mean sea level. The process comprises the steps of constructing a separate grid for each critical surface bounding said volume and constructing layers of cells according to the stratigraphic pattern.

Penam derivatives
Patent number: 4820701
Assignee: Beecham Group P.L.C. (GB2)
Inventors: Robert Southgate (Betchworth, GB2), Colin H. Frydrych (Betchworth, GB2)

Antibacterial agents have the formula (I) or are pharmaceutically acceptable salts or in vivo hydrolysable esters thereof: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.3 is phenyl, substituted phenyl, cyclohexenyl, cyclohexadienyl or an optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic ring containing up to three hetero atoms selected from oxygen, sulphur or nitrogen, R.sup.4 is hydrogen or formamido, R.sup.5 is hydrogen, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl or aralkyl, R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are the same or different and represent hydrogen, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, amino, phenyl, substituted phenyl, hydroxyl or C.sub.1-6 alkoxy or R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 form the residue of an optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered carbocyclic ring or a 5- or 6- membered heterocyclic ring containing up to three hetero atoms selected from oxygen, sulphr or nitrogen, and X represents ##STR2## or tautomers thereof wherein R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 are the same or different and each represents hydroxy, or protected hydroxy.

7-(1-Pyrrolidinyl)-quinolonecarboxylic acid derivatives
Patent number: 4820716
Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (Leverkusen, DE)
Inventors: Uwe Petersen (Leverkusen, DE), Klaus Grohe (Odenthal, DE), Hans-Joachim Zeiler (Velbert, DE), Karl G. Metzger (Wuppertal-Elberfeld, DE)

7-(1-Pyrrolidinyl)-3-quinolonecarboxylic acid derivatives of the formula ##STR1## in which A is CH, CCl, CF or N, R.sup.1 is hydroxyl, hydroxymethyl or mercapto and R.sup.2 is hydrogen, alkyl, having 1 to 4 carbon atoms or (5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxol-4-yl)methyl, with the proviso that, when R.sup.1 is hydroxy, A is not CF or N, or pharmaceutically acceptable hydrates, or salts thereof, are useful as antibacterials and animal feed utilization promoters.

Leukotriene antagonists
Patent number: 4820719
Assignee: Smith Kline Beckman Corporation (Philadelphia, PA)
Inventors: John G. Gleason (Downingtown, PA), Ralph F. Hall (Villanova, PA), Thomas Wen-Fu Ku (Dresher, PA), Carl D. Perchonock (Philadelphia, PA)

This invention relates to alkanoic acid compounds having phenyl and thio substituents which are useful as leukotriene antagonists and pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds. This invention also relates to methods of treating diseases in which leukotrienes are a factor by administration of an effective amount of the above compounds or compositions.

Disubstituted tetrazole leukotriene antagonists and methods for their use thereas
Patent number: 4820723
Assignee: Eli Lilly And Company (Indianapolis, IN)
Inventors: Winston S. Marshall (Bargersville, IN), Sandra K. Sigmund (Carmel, IN), Celia A. Whitesitt (Greenwood, IN)

The instant invention provides disubstituted tetrazoles that antagonizes the effect of leukotrienes C.sub.4, D.sub.4 or E.sub.4 or any combination thereof in selected tissues. The disubstituted tetrazoles are used in pharmaceutical formulations and methods of treatment of conditions caused by excessive release or production of leukotrienes C.sub.4, D.sub.4 or E.sub.4 or any combination thereof. Such conditions include an immediate hypersensitivity reaction of the type represented by asthma, or by shock or other adverse cardiovascular effects.

Pressure-sensitive adhesives based on radiation-curable polyesters containing (meth)acrylic groups
Patent number: 4820745
Assignee: Huels Troisdorf Aktiengesellschaft (Cologne, DE)
Inventors: Hartmut Muller (Troisdorf, DE), Hans Huber (Lohmar, DE)

Pressure-sensitive adhesives composed of radiation-cured (meth)acrylic-functional polyesters are prepared from base polyesters, fluid at room temperature, which have molecular weights of 1,000 to 10,000 and branched main chain, and/or from new polyesters having aliphatic side chains bound by ester bridges or, in some cases, ether bridges to the main chain, followed by functionalization of a maximum of 90% of the original hydroxyl groups of the base polyesters by reaction with (meth)acrylate compounds, and crosslinked by electron beam or ultraviolet radiation in a thin coating on a support. The new pressure-sensitive adhesives have the property and the advantage of being cross-linkable by radiation without the use of solvents or diluents.

High impact polyamides
Patent number: 4820771
Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (Leverkusen-Bayerwerk, DE)
Inventors: Bernhard Mussig (Seevetal, DE), Rolf-Volker Meyer (Krefeld, DE), Bert Brassat (Krefeld, DE), Rolf Dhein (Krefeld, DE)

Thermoplastically polyamide moulding compositions produced from at least 70% by weight of polyamide, a long-chain polyester, polyether or hydrocarbon polyol and at most 5% by weight of a polyanhydride or polyepoxide.

Polyolefin composition
Patent number: 4820772
Assignee: Chisso Corporation (JP)
Inventors: Nobuo Goto (Ichiharashi, JP), Hiroshisa Ishii (Ichiharashi, JP), Hirokazu Nakajima (Ichiharashi, JP)

A polyolefin composition having a superior resistance to impact-whitening, luster, impact resistance, mechanical strength and stiffness, particularly, mechanical strength and stiffness is provided, which composition is obtained by (1) blending (B) a high density ethylene polymer, (C) a non-crystalline ethylene-propylene random copolymer or a non-crystalline ethylene-propylene-non-conjugated diene random copolymer and a phosphate compound expressed by the following formula (I) (hereinafter referred to as compound (a)): ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 represent sulfur or an alkylidene group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms; R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 each represent a hydrogen atom or the same or different alkyl groups of 1 to 8 carbon atoms; M represents a monovalent, divalent or trivalent metal atom; m represents 0 or 1; and n represents an integer of 1 to 3, with (A) a crystalline .alpha.-olefin-propylene random copolymer, in specified proportions, respectively; or (2) blending the components (B), (C) and (D) a crystalline propylene homopolymer and the compound (a) with the component (A), in specified proportions, respectively; or (3) blending the components (B) abd (C) and the compound (a) with the component (A) and (E) a crystalline propylene homopolymer having a specified isotactic pentad ratio, in specified proportions, respectively.

In situ comonomer generation in olefin polymerization
Patent number: 4820785
Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company (Bartlesville, OK)
Inventors: Max P. McDaniel (Bartlesville, OK), Douglas Klendworth (Bartlesville, OK), Donald D. Norwood (Bartlesville, OK), Eric T. Hsieh (Bartlesville, OK), Elizabeth A. Boggs (Bartlesville, OK)

A catalyst system is produced by first forming a chromium catalyst on a predominantly silica support, activating in an oxygen-containing ambient and thereafter subjecting the thus activated composition to carbon monoxide reduction. The resulting reduced supported chromium catalyst composition is then precontacted with a cocatalyst selected from trialkyl boron compounds and dialkyl aluminum alkoxide compounds, preferably triethyl borane and thereafer contacted with ethylene. This results in a catalyst system which produces comonomer in situ so as to give tough, flexible ethylene copolymers from an essentially pure ethylene feed.

Polyester vessel and package
Patent number: 4820795
Assignee: Toyo Seikan Kaisha, Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Sadao Hirata (Kamakura, JP), Yoshihiko Watanabe (Yokohama, JP)

Disclosed is a polyester vessel having mouth, side wall and bottom portions formed of a polyester composed mainly of ethylene terephthalate units, wherein the thermoplastic polyester is a polyester containing a catalyst residue in an amount smaller than 1000 ppm as the metal, and in the thermoplastic polyester constituting the bottom portion of the vessel, the ratio of the thermal crystallization degree represented by the following formula: wherein Q.sub.AC stands for the heat quantity of crystallization at elevation of the temperature and Q.sub.DC stands for the heat quantity of crystallization at lowering of the temperature, is lower than 90%.

Transparent polyamide elastomer from carboxy polycaprolactam and poly(tetramethylene oxy)glycol
Patent number: 4820796
Assignee: Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (Osaka, JP)
Inventors: Yoshio Suzuki (Fuji, JP), Mikihiko Nakamura (Fuji, JP), Atsushi Aoshima (Yokohama, JP)

A polyamide elastomer having a structure of dehydration condensate between (A) a polycapramide having a number average molecular weight of 500-5,000 and having carboxyl end groups, which is derived from caprolactam and a dicarboxylic acid having 4-20 carbon atoms selected from aliphatic dicarboxylic acids, alicyclic dicarboxylic acids and aromatic dicarboxylic acids and (B) a polyoxytetramethylene glycol having a number average molecular weight of 800-5,000 or a modified polyoxytetramethylene glycol having a number average molecular weight of 800-5,000 and having, in the molecular chain, the units represented by the general formula wherein R is a branched chain alkylene group having 4-20 carbon atoms or a straight chain alkylene group having 5-20 carbon atoms, the units content being 50% by weight or a less; the weight ratio of the component (A) to the component (B) being from 10:90 to 60:40. The said elastomer has a relative viscosity of 1.5 or above in m-cresol (0.5 weight/volume %) at C., a polyamide partition ratio of 0.7-1.3, a Shore hardness of 60 A-50 D, a tensile strength of 150 kg/cm.sup.2 or above, and a cloudiness (haze value) of 75% or below. The elastomer is advantageously usable in hose, tube and the like. The disclosure also includes process for producing such an elastomer.

Process for the preparation of a porous regenerated cellulose hollow fiber
Patent number: 4822540
Assignee: Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Seiichi Manabe (Ibaraki, JP), Michitaka Iwata (Osaka, JP), Mamoru Inoue (Nobeoka, JP)

A porous regenerated cellulose hollow fiber is obtained by a micro-phase-separation method. The hollow fiber is characterized in that the viscosity average molecular weight is at least 5.times.10.sup.4, each of the average pore diameter D.sub.1 on the inner wall surface of the hollow fiber and the average pore diameter D.sub.2 on the outer wall surface is 0.02 to 10 .mu.m, the in-plane porosity Pr on the outer wall surface is at least 10%, and the hollow fiber comprises a wall thickness portion having pores piercing therethrough between the inner wall surface and outer wall surface and a hollow portion extending continuously over the entire fiber length. The hollow fiber is prepared by a process characterized in that at the steps of extruding a cuprammonium solution of a cellulose from an annular spinning orifice and coagulating, regenerating and water-washing the extrudate, the spinning solution is extruded from an outer annular spinning orifice and a liquid having a coagulating action to the spinning solution is extruded from a central spinning orifice, and micro-phase-separation is caused to occur before the coagulation.

Oligonucleotide derivatives and production thereof
Patent number: 4820812
Assignee: Wakunaga Seiyaku Kabushiki Kaisha (Osaka, JP)
Inventors: Kenichi Miyoshi (Hiroshima, JP), Toru Fuwa (Hiroshima, JP)

An oligonucleotide derivative having an amino group protected with an eliminatable group bonded through a phosphate group and a spacer with an appropriate length to the 5'-end of an oligonucleotide protected suitably at the 3'-hydroxyl group and the base moiety of the nucleotide, and an immobilized oligonucleotide derivative having a Sepharose carrier bonded to the amino group in place of said protective group are disclosed. Methods for production of these derivatives are also disclosed.

Mitomaycin compounds
Patent number: 4820824
Assignee: Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (JP)
Inventors: Motomichi Kono (Tokyo, JP), Masaji Kasai (Kanagawa, JP), Yutaka Saito (Tokyo, JP), Makoto Morimoto (Shizuoka, JP), Tadashi Ashizawa (Shizuoka, JP)

Mitomycin compound having potent antitumour activity having the formula: ##STR1## wherein ##STR2## (wherein Ra, Rb and Rc each independently represent lower alkyl, cycloalkyl having 3-7 carbon atoms or phenyl; or Ra and Rb are bonded together to form a poly-methylene group having 2-5 carbon atoms); one of R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 represents carbamoyloxymethyl and the other represents hydrogen; or R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 may together form an exocyclic methylene group; and Y and Z each independently represents hydrogen or methyl.

Nitrogen-containing heterocyclic esters
Patent number: 4820839
Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung (Darmstadt, DE)
Inventors: Joachim Krause (Dieburg, DE), Andreas Wachtler (Griesheim, DE), Volker Reiffenrath (Darmstadt-Eberstadt, DE), Bernhard Scheuble (Yokohama, JP), Reinhard Hittich (Modautal, DE)

Nitrogen-containing heterocyclic esters of the formula I, in which R.sup.1, R.sup.2, A.sup.1, A.sup.2, A.sup.3, Z.sup.1, Z.sup.2 and m have the meaning specified in patent claim 1, are suitable as components of smectic liquid-crystalline phases.

Silver halide color photographic products
Patent number: 4540658
Assignee: Konishiroku Photo Industry Co. Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Masao Sasaki (Odawara, JP), Kaoru Onodera (Odawara, JP)

A silver halide color photographic product with dye images having improved fastness to light is disclosed. The product has at least one dye image forming layer on a support and further includes at least one of the compounds of formula (I) or (II) in said dye image forming layer and/or an adjoining or an adjacent layer: ##STR1## wherein R is an alkyl group, an aryl group or a heterocyclic group; X is an alkylene group; and Y is an alkylene or arylene group; and ##STR2## wherein R.sub.1 is a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group or an aryl group; R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are each an alkyl group; Y.sub.1 is an alkylene or arylene group; Z is an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom, a sulfonyl group, a carbonyl group or an alkylene group; and n is an integer of 1 to 20.

Method for racemization of optically active chrysanthemic acid or its ester
Patent number: 4820864
Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited (Osaka, JP)
Inventors: Gohfu Suzukamo (Osaka, JP), Yoji Sakito (Hyogo, JP), Masami Fukao (Osaka, JP)

Racemization of an optically active chrysanthemic acid or its ester of the formula: ##STR1## wherein R represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group of 1-20 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group of 3-20 carbon atoms or an aralkyl group of 7-20 carbon atoms and * mark indicates asymmetric carbon atom, is effected by contacting the acid or its ester with at least one compound selected from the group consisting of a carboxylic acid bromide, a silicon bromide, an S-bromine compound, and N-bromine compound, a halo-bromine compound and an SH compound in the presence of a peroxide or an azo compound.

Method of producing a porous ceramic panel
Patent number: 4822541
Assignee: National House Industrial Co., Ltd. (Osaka, JP), Takasago Industry Co., Ltd. (Gifu, JP), Intelhearts Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Satoru Nagai (Toki, JP), Kazuo Imahashi (Chofu, JP), Yoshio Nagaya (Toki, JP), Shigeo Yoshida (Shiga, JP), Satoshi Kitagawa (Shiga, JP), Takatoshi Miyazawa (Shiga, JP)

Inorganic raw materials are heated and pressed in a kiln to produce a porous ceramic panel. The foaming body is first-pressed in a foaming step, and after the foaming step the first-pressed foamed body is second-pressed, in order to obtain superior dimensional accuracy and surface smoothness. The panels are applicable, for instance, to interior or exterior materials of various kinds of buildings such as prefabricated houses and shops.

Long arc lamp for semiconductor heating
Patent number: 4820906
Assignee: Peak Systems, Inc. (Fremont, CA)
Inventors: Timothy J. Stultz (San Jose, CA)

An long arc gas-discharge lamp for rapidly heating a semiconductor wafer. The spectral output of the lamp is specifically matched to the absorption characteristics of the particular semiconductor wafer being heating by choosing an appropriate gas or mixture of gases. The electrodes of the long arc lamp are separated by a distance greater than the largest dimension of the semiconductor wafer to insure that the entire wafer is illuminated at one time. In addition, the lamp has a high power density to raise the temperature of the semiconductor wafer to the required process temperature. Large diameter metal electrodes are used to conduct more heat from the ends of the lamp. The electrodes contain a low work function metal such as thorium oxide to increase the electron emission. The enclosing glass capillary has thin walls between the electrodes for improved heat dissipation. The glass capillary is cooled to carry the heat away from the lamp.

Method and apparatus for identifying points on a specimen having a defined time-dependent signal
Patent number: 4820977
Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft (Berlin and Munich, DE)
Inventors: Hans D. Brust (Dudweiler, DE)

A method for function checking microelectronic components inside LSI circuits, particularly during the development phase, provides localization and imaging of regions of a specimen which carry defined signals that depend on the operating status of the cirucit. For localizing the points carrying the defined electrical signals, a primary beam reads the signal at the measuring point and a secondary signal derived therefrom is compared in a detector arrangement to the anticipated or sought-after signal by a correlation method. For the correlation, the intensity of the primary beam or the current of the secondary particles are modulated alternately with the sought-after or anticipated signal and, respectively, with the negation of the sought-after or anticipated signal and the measured secondary signal is integrated. Part of the integrated secondary signal changes with the frequency prescribed by the signal change, which is filtered out and supplied to an evalutor circuit which controls the intensity of a display, such as a picture screen.

Voice interactive security system
Patent number: 4821027
Assignee: Dicon Systems Limited (Ontario, CA)
Inventors: John Mallory (Mississauga, CA), Thomas A. D. Burgmann (Mississauga, CA), Gary Lennartz (Rexdale, CA)

A security system for monitoring and detecting security breaches in a home comprises a central monitor and a plurality of remote sensors for one or more of fire, smoke, intrusion, appliance operation and the like. Each of the sensors has a transmitter for transmitting an electronic message when the sensor goes into an alarm condition. The central monitor has a receiver to receive the electronic messages. An electronic microprocessor system decodes the received electronic message and takes the necessary course of action in accordance with a programmable scheme retained in electronic memory of the microprocessor system. The central monitor has a speech synthesizer responding to inputs from the microprocessor system. A keyboard is provided on the central monitor for allowing a user to interact with the security system. The microprocessor system is programmable via the keyboard to permit the user to customize the programmable scheme to render it unique to the user. The microprocessor system actuates the speech synthesizer to synthesize predetermined messages in response to input from the keyboard and in accordance with the programmable scheme based on received electronic message from the transmitters. The microprocessor system is capable of checking data as it is entered by the keyboard against what is required by the programmable scheme. This checking system permits the security system to announce an error message should the entered data be incorrect.

Touchscreen feedback system
Patent number: 4821030
Assignee: Tektronix, Inc. (Beaverton, OR)
Inventors: Brian Batson (Lake Oswego, OR), Brian D. Diehm (Lake Oswego, OR)

A computer-based digital oscilloscope includes a touchscreen mechanism for generating output signals indicating when an operator has touched the oscilloscope's screen and identifying a particular touch zone area that the operator has touched from among a plurality of touch zone areas of the screen. A computer which controls display of waveforms and other images on the screen, monitors the touchscreen output signals to determine whether the operator is touching a touch zone and to determine whether a portion of a particular image other than a waveform is displayed on the screen within boundaries of the touch zone. The computer generates a display of a first indicating image on the screen visually identifying the touch zone when not portion of any image other than a waveform is displayed on the screen within boundaries of said particular touch zone, and generates a display of a second indicating image on the screen visually identifying an image other than a waveform when any portion of the image is displayed on the screen within boundaries of the touch zone.

Thermosetting resin stationary tape guides for magnetic tape cassettes
Patent number: 4821135
Assignee: Nitto Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. (Osaka, JP)
Inventors: Masaru Nakanishi (Osaka, JP), Arata Kitamura (Osaka, JP), Masashi Sakurai (Osaka, JP), Masaaki Asanuma (Osaka, JP)

A tape guide for magnetic tape cassettes, comprising a thermosetting resin composition, such as a polyester resin having a glass transition point of not lower than C. containing an inorganic filler such as silicon powder and, optionally, a resin powder such as a tetrafluorethylene resin powder in a proportion of from 60 to 75% by weight based on the total composition. The tape guide has an increased thermal conductivity of 10.times.10.sup.-4 cal/cm.deg.sec or more and a low coefficient of friction and is, therefore, free from undesirable frictional heat generation.

Input/output system for multiprocessors
Patent number: 4821170
Assignee: Tandem Computers Incorporated (Cupertino, CA)
Inventors: David L. Bernick (Felton, CA), Kenneth K. Chan (San Jose, CA), Wing M. Chan (Fremont, CA), Yie-Fong Dan (San Jose, CA), Duc M. Hoang (San Jose, CA), Zubair Hussain (San Jose, CA), Geoffrey I. Iswandhi (Sunnyvale, CA), James E. Korpi (Santa Clara, CA), Martin W. Sanner (Los Gatos, CA), Jay A. Zwagerman (Saratoga, CA), Steven G. Silverman (Santa Clara, CA), James E. Smith (Sunnyvale, CA)

In a digital computer system which employs a plurality of host processors, at least two system buses and a plurality of peripheral input/output ports, an input/output system is provided whereby ownership of the input/output channels is shared. The device controller employs a first port controller having a first ownership latch, a second port controller having a second ownership latch, a first bus, a dedicated microprocessor having control over the first bus (the MPU bus), a second, higher-speed bus, a multiple-channel direct memory access (DMA) controller which is a state machine which controls the second bus (the data buffer bus), a bus switch for exchanging data between buses, a multiple device peripheral device interface, namely a Small Computer System Interface (SCSI), and at least provision for interface with data communication equipment (DCEs) or data terminal equipment (DTEs). The DMA controller arbitrates data bus usage and can allocate alternate bus clock cycles in response to requests to exchange data and is capable of supporting overlapping transfers. The microprocessor is allowed access to the data buffer bus only if the data buffer bus is not in use for data transfer. The latches associated with each port grant ownership to either port or both ports allowing data exchange between addressed peripheral devices and requesting ports.

Closed loop computer control for an automatic transmission
Patent number: 4821190
Assignee: Ford Motor Company (Dearborn, MI)
Inventors: Prabhakar B. Patil (Detroit, MI)

In an automotive vehicle having an automatic transmission that driveably connects a power source to the driving wheels, a method to control the application of hydraulic pressure to a clutch, whose engagement produces an upshift and whose disengagement produces a downshift, the speed of the power source, and the output torque of the transmission. The transmission output shaft torque and the power source speed are the controlled variables. The commanded power source torque and commanded hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch are the control variables. A mathematical model is formulated that describes the kinematics and dynamics of the powertrain before, during and after a gear shift. The model represents the operating characteristics of each component and the structural arrangement of the components within the transmission being controlled. Next, a close loop feedback control is developed to determine the proper control law or compensation strategy to achieve an acceptably smooth gear ratio change, one in which the output torque disturbance is kept to a minimum and the duration of the shift is minimized. Then a computer algorithm simulating the shift dynamics employing the mathematical model is used to study the effects of changes in the values of the parameters established from a closed loop control of the clutch hydraulic and the power source torque on the shift quality. This computer simulation is used also to establish possible shift control strategies. The shift strategies determined from the prior step are reduced to an algorithm executed by a computer to control the operation of the power source and the transmission.

Monitoring equipment for adverse environments
Patent number: 4821215
Assignee: Canadian Corporate Management Company Limited (Peterborough, CA)
Inventors: Steven J. Woodward (Port Hope, CA)

Programmable apparatus for monitoring an industrial installation, such as for measuring the depth of material in bins or silos, utilizes a computer having a hermetically sealed case, with an externally visible display and necessary connections to the installation being monitored. The computer includes non-volatile random access memory for the storage of operating parameters which is written to under control of a portable external programming unit which can temporarily access the computer via an infrared or equivalent communications link. The case of the computer has provision for temporary docking of the programming unit, which has a keypad for the selection of calibration and diagnostic routines, and the entry of data or commands to be transmitted to the computer.

Programmable jet engine test station
Patent number: 4821217
Assignee: The Boeing Company (Seattle, WA)
Inventors: Brian K. Jackson (Lynnwood, WA), Joel D. Wilson (Kent, WA)

A programmable test station automatically performs static tests of electrical and pneumatic systems of jet aircraft engines. The test station automatically stimulates the systems to be tested on each engine and measures their response. A programmable data acquisition computer controls both stimuli and measurement, and generates data. The station is operatively connected to a plurality of engines simultaneously and tests certain systems on each in accordance with station user commands. The station includes a voice generator which permits the computer to "speak" to the station user for the purpose of receiving instructions and for communicating instruction acknowledgements and requests.

System for animating program operation and displaying time-based relationships
Patent number: 4821220
Assignee: Tektronix, Inc. (Beaverton, OR)
Inventors: Robert A. Duisberg (Seattle, WA)

In a computerized simulation system, the behavior of a model comprising a group of interrelated objects in an object oriented programming environment is defined by a constraint network including temporal constraints, which the future behavior of the model must satisfy following triggering events. Following a triggering event, time stamped representations of messages are created and stored in a queue. The value of a time variable representing time is progressively incremented and the message indicated by each enqueued representation is sent to the model as the value of the time variable surpasses the value of the time stamp of the representation. The message representations and the value of their time stamps are created according to the requirements of the constraint network such that the messages cause the model to perform the appropriate actions at the appropriate times in order to satisfy the temporal constraints defined by the constraint network.

Apparatus and method for providing a common system interface for processors
Patent number: 6226756
Assignee: Integrated Device Technology, Inc. (Santa Clara, CA)
Inventors: Martin Mueller (Fremont, CA)

The present invention provides an interface for exchanging clocking signals and other information between a computer subsystem based on a first clocking scheme of a first processor and a second processor. The second processor and computer subsystem are coupled to the interface. The interface may be included on a circuit card that is removably coupled to the computer subsystem. The interface includes an emulator for emulating the first clocking scheme thereby enabling the second processor to function with the computer subsystem.

Method and apparatus for selectively evaluating an effective address for a coprocessor
Patent number: 4821231
Assignee: Motorola, Inc. (Schaumburg, IL)
Inventors: Michael Cruess (Austin, TX), David Mothersole (Austin, TX), John Zolnowsky (Austin, TX), Douglas B. MacGregor (Austin, TX)

A system for interfacing a Processor to a Coprocessor using standard bus cycles. The Processor, upon encountering in its instruction stream an instruction having a particular Operation word format, will transfer a Command word following the Operation word to a particular Coprocessor designated by a Coprocessor Identity field in the Operation word, Upon decoding the Command word, the Coprocessor will respond with any of a set of response primitives whcih define functions which the Coprocessor requires to Processor to perform in support of the Command by the Coprocessor. The interface provides for all functions which the Coprocessor may require, including selective vectoring to appropriate exception handlers.

Telephone answering system with paging function
Patent number: 4821308
Assignee: Hashimoto Corporation (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Kazuo Hashimoto (Tokyo, JP)

A telephone answering system with paging function is adapted to transmit a prerecorded outgoing message to a calling party through a closed loop of telephone lines established upon reception or a telephone calling signal, and record an incoming message from the calling party after the outgoing message is transmitted. The system operates to receive a signal representative of the caller's telephone number sent from the calling party through the telephone lines to store the same signal in a memory, and then automatically and temporarily release the closed loop, and thereafter reestablish the closed loop for calling a preset telephone number of a paging center. Further, the system transmits the stored signal representing the caller's telephone number to the paging center through the telephone lines upon reception of an answer from the center.

Key telephone system
Patent number: 4821316
Assignee: Tamura Electric Works, Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Inventors: Senji Okumura (Chiba, JP), Yasuo Kobayashi (Saitama, JP), Ryuzo Sugiura (Tokyo, JP), Masatoshi Ikeda (Kanagawa, JP)

A key telephone system includes a temporary registration memory for temporarily storing operating data and a final registration timing data memory for storing final registration timing data, including a timing condition for transferring contents of the temporary registration memory to the operating data memory. Operating data input by a user and the final registration timing data are written into the temporary registration memory and the final registration timing data memory, respectively, from a data input unit connected to the main unit during a data setting mode. The system discriminates establishment of the timing condition designated in accordance with the final registration timing data stored in the final registration timing data memory, whereupon the operating data stored in the temporary registration memory is transferred to the operating data memory.

Delay initiator for blasting
Patent number: 4821646
Assignee: Cxa Ltd./Cxa Ltee (Montreal, CA)
Inventors: Donald C. True (Brownsburg, CA), Raymond Carriere (Brownsburg, CA)

A novel initiator (blasting cap) for explosives is provided. The initiator, which may be electric or non-electric, comprises a tubular metal shell having within a base charge, a delay train, a priming charge and an ignition means. Interposed between the delay train and the priming charge is an annular collar or ring of resilient material in contact with the inner wall of the metal shell. The construction results in a markedly improved resistance against shock initiation.

Barrier contraceptive
Patent number: 4821741
Inventors: Reza S. Mohajer (Bloomfield Hills, MI)

A barrier type contraceptive is an umbrella-like device including a flexible, barrier member with a plurality of radially disposed resilient stiffening members associated therewith. The stiffening members bias the barrier member into a generally planar configuration while allowing for the device to be folded into a generally fusiform shape for insertion.